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Leave It To The Girls

Leave It To The Girls


Leave it to the Girls
Captain's Blog

People often ask me if I have ever run up against the perfect crime. The answer is no, chiefly because there are no perfect criminals — and no perfect corpses. Every homicide has a message for the trained investigator, a lead the murderer never meant to leave behind, a weak spot that can be probed. If you want a machine to do a special job, you check the wires and tighten the bolts and you’re set. But murderers aren’t machines. They’re human beings — and wherever human beings are “involved, weakness is involved too; some character fault that wouldn’t matter or even be noticed in normal circumstances. Fused into the stress of murder, though, that fault becomes the weakest link in the killer’s chain of deception and makes the policeman’s job a little easier. The commonest flaw: A craving for women —or a woman.

The faithful ladies of the underworld will do almost anything for their gangster husbands and sweethearts — sometimes even help them get caught.

I remember a case in which the murderer seemed to be trapped in an impassable swamp. On top of that, he had been seen by a witness trained to remember faces. Yet our man was smart enough to make a clean getaway and might be free right now if he hadn’t had an insatiable longing for a woman. It was his bad luck — and our great fortune — that we found out about Marie Jonasi. It marked the end of a long chase. 

It began with a telephone call to the Jamaica squad. A game warden had been shot and killed in the Idlewild woods, the areas that today is covered by one of the world’s greatest airports. But on September 29, 1929, it was a wild tangle of woodland and swamp, protected from illegal hunters and poachers by state game wardens. Now one of them had been shot down in pursuit of his duty. It was a fantastic story we heard when we got to the scene, told by a man whose nose and ear had almost been torn from his face by the killer. He was Joseph S. Allen, the dead warden’s partner. While an ambulance surgeon worked to stanch the flow of blood from his face, Allen told this story:

About an hour or so before, he and Game Warden William T. Cramer, crack woodsman and one-time guide of former Governor Alfred E. Smith, had heard a shotgun blast to the south. Moving in cautiously, they had flushed the poacher just as he was about to stuff a dead bird into his pouch. Though frightened, the man gave his name as Joseph Lentini and quietly submitted to arrest. At worst he faced a fine of perhaps $10. Cramer in the lead, the trio started out of the woods. 

Suddenly, a giant of a man with wild, black eyes sprang out from behind a bush and blocked their path. In his hands was a double barreled shotgun. Lentini shouted something to him in Italian and, snarling in reply, the big man leveled the shotgun and fired both barrels full into Cramer’s face. At a range of ten feet, the blast tore off the top of the warden’s head. 

Reacting instinctively, Allen snapped his pistol out and, firing from the hip, shot the giant through the arm. Roaring with hurt and anger, the killer charged, threw Allen to the ground and began choking the life from him. His teeth asank into Allen’s nose. When Allen wrenched his head around, the giant bit deep into his ear. With the strength of sheer desperation, Allen kicked straight up —and dislodged his assailant. Bleeding and grogge, he staggered to his feet, just in time to see the two men disappear into the woods to the south. 

His pistol gone and hovering on the brink of unconsciousness from pain and the loss of blood, Allen decided to go for help. Besides, he knew there was no escape in the direction the killer had headed. On the other side of an impassable, quicksand-studded marsh lay Jamaica Bay. The men would eventually have to turn back and, if Allen could summon help quickly enough, they would be trapped when they reached the main road, which was Rockaway Boulevard. 

Taking a last look to make certain his partner was beyond help, Allen staggered to the nearest telephone and called the police. But though we responded inside of ten minutes and quickly had the road covered for two miles in either direction, neither the poacher nor the killer turned up.  Either they were still hidden in the high marsh grass along one of the bay’s countless inlets or, more likely, they had doubled right back and made good their escape before Rockaway Boulevard could be blocked off. 

The manhunt continued into late afternoon. Working through from the west, a dragnet of police officers swept through every inch of the woods while, offshore, police boats poked into the bay’s inlets and a police plane roared back and forth over the entire scene. But all we got was an epidemic of poison ivy. The quarry had vanished. 

What kind of killing was this? Did the wild-eyed giant have a grudge against Cramer? Was it a professional job with roots in some mysterious aspect of the warden’s life?

I doubted it. Professionals don’t run off and leave eyewitnesses to their handiwork.

Allen had said he had never seen the killer before. Nor did it seem to him that Cramer had recognized him in the split second before the shotgun roared. But he couldn’t be certain of that. Motive, it seemed, would have to wait on our flushing the murderer. 

We went through the customary routine, checking hospitals for a man with a wounded right arm, searching out Lentini’s address, rounding up all the poachers who had recently been arrested by the dead warden. Because we expected nothing, we were not disappointed by the blank we drew all along the line. The killer hadn’t checked into a hospital; Lentini lived alone in Brooklyn and hadn’t been seen around his flat all day; Cramer’s poachers either had airtight alibis or could contribute nothing constructive. 

Close to the murder scene, we got our first break. It was late afternoon when we got to a little street bordering the woods. Set back a few yards from the corner was a ramshackle summer cottage. In front of it was an old green coupe. Cautiously, we pushed openthe unlocked door of the house. There was no one inside its single room. But dirty dishes were piled high in the sink and eggshells and fresh melon rinds were in a brown paper bag on the floor. Under the table was a blood-soaked shirt-sleeve.

“I’d say it’s a pretty good bet our man’s been here,” I said, “and a better bet that the car outside is his. Let’s check it.”

We ran the license plate number through the Motor Vehicle Bureau and came up with the name of Frank Aldino of Brooklyn. On file, too, was a photography of Aldino, as required for the chauffeur’s license for which he had applied. We took the picture to Game Warden Allen. 

“Is this the man who shot Cramer?” I asked. 

“That’s him! That’s the one, all right!” Allen shouted. “I’ll remember that face for 100 years!”

Now we knew who we were looking for. All we had to do was find him. At the Brooklyn address we found Aldino’s wife, but she was no help at all. “I haven’t seen him for weeks,” she muttered darkly. “He’s a bum.”

We went back to the coupe and stripped the inside. Down under the front seat, we found a grimy sales slip from an auto supply store in Newark, N.J. 

“Say,” I muttered, “didn’t that license application show that Aldino had bought his last year’s plates in Jersey?”

We checked back and it did. Aldino seemed to be well acquainted across the river. I telephoned the New Jersey Motor Vehicle Bureau and asked them to run Aldino’s 1928 license plate through their files. In an hour, they called back to say that that number had originally been assigned to a George Darsin of Newark. It was a slim lead but it was the only one we had and we promptly drove across the Hudson River to see Darsin. We got more than we expected. Aldino had not only bought Darsin’s car—he had stolen his girl. 

And that’s how we first heard about Marie Jonasi. 

“She lives with him off and on,” Darsin mumbled. “I hope you get him good!”

So a woman put us on Aldino’s trail. If we were lucky and the situation followed true to form, she’d bait him into our trap. 

Darsin gave us Marie Jonasi’s address and we went directly there. It was an old tenement. No one answered our knock. We let ourselves in with a passkey and, while I waited in the apartment, some of my men went through the building to find out what they could about Marie and her boyfriend. They soon reported back. The neighbors description of a “great big guy” matched what we already knew of Aldino. The trail was hot now and we waited tensely all through the night. But neither Aldino nor his Marie showed up. 

By morning, I was convinced that one of them had found out we had their love-nest under guard. Stalking two men close by, the rest of us drove back to Jamaica to wait. At this point, I wasn’t too hepeful. Surely if Aldino had discovered that we knew about his Marie, he’d keep away from her. He hadn’t, after all, committed his crime with guile and deception. He’d killed a man in front of an eyewitness and his only hope was to stay hidden. 

Captain Henry Flattery is no stranger to FRONT PAGE readers. He has taken you on two memoriable excursions through some of the most hair-raising investigations of his career. In this third in the series of Captain Flattery stories you are given an opportunity to see still another side of a big city homicide department and how it works — through the eyes of one of this country’s most capable detectives.
But Aldino wasn’t a robot; he was a man with a weakness. He was hungry for his woman. Before dawn that next morning, I was awakened by a telephone call from Newark.

“She pulled up with a moving van about an hour ago and took every stick of furniture out of the place. We followed her to another apartment. No sign of Aldino.”

“Good,” I said. “Stick with it. He’ll show before the day’s out or I mmiss my guess.”

If Marie had stayed put, I reasoned, it might have meant Aldino had blown town. But Marie changing apartments in the dead of night could mean only one thing: Aldino wanted to get to her.

That night, Marie Jonasi walked into an Italian restaurant down the street from her new apartment. A Jamaica detective walked in right behind her — and arrested Frank Aldino who sat waiting for his girlfriend in a corner booth.

Once more I headed for Jersey. This time, I went to Newark police headquarters where Aldino sat sullenly denying everything, despite the bullet wound festering in his right arm. He had obviously been afraid to consult a doctor.

We took him back with us, questioning him all the way. But he stubbornly refused to say anything except that his name was Frank Aldino and that his “damn wife” must have sicced us on him.

The break came in the Jamaica station house that night. The longer we grilled Aldino, the more abusive he became and, at one point, he actually shoved two detectives out of his way as he walked from one chair to another. At that, Sergeant Jim Fogarty, a giant of a man himself, rose, lifted Aldino right off his feet and shook him—hard. Then he dumped him down in a chair.

“Listen, son,” he said, softly, “don’t get out of that chair again unless you’re told you can. Otherwise I’ll get angry.”

It was amazing to see what heppened. Obviously, Aldino had never before met anyone who wasn’t awed by his tremendous bulk and scowling face.

Fogarty’s simple act broke him completely. He threw his head into his hands and wept for ten minutes. Then he looked up and told us the whole story:

It was a murder without a motive. Lentini and Aldino had driven down the Idlewild woods together to shoot some birds that morning of Setpember 29. At one point, they had become separated and when next Aldino saw his friend, he was in the custody of two game wardens. The giant then simply went berserk.

“Run, run!” was what Lentini had shouted in Italian.

But Aldino, without knowing why, had replied, “I’m going to let him have it!” and he did.

“How did you get out of the woods?” I asked.

“We doubled back to the highway as soon as we were out of sight of the other guy. We went right to the shack where the car was, but I couldn’t drive because my arm hurt like hell and Lentini didn’t know how. So we separated and I finally got a taxi to take me to Brooklyn.”

Shortly afterward, Lentini came forward to give himself up. He was not charged with complicity in the murder, but was fined $50 for poaching and illegal possession of a shotgun.

On November 27, 1920, Frank Aldino was sentenced to serve a 20-year-to-life term in Sing Sing, trapped by a woman he couldn’t keep away from. He died in prison.

Now Aldino, of course, was not a hardened criminal. He was a novice at murder, a man who got panicky at the wrong moment and killed more out of fright than anything. But his downfall—a woman—puts him in the same class as some of the toughest professional gunmen in the business. Like Aldino, they’re marked by the urge to play with the deadliest toy that a hood ever got his fingers burned with.

The Jamaica detective followed Marie Jonasi into the corner spaghetti joint and nabbed himself a prime meatball.

Everyone knows how the Lady in Red led G-men to John Dillinger. Let me tell you how the Jamaica squad cracked a bank holdup because one of the gang, a smart cookie who’d been around long enough to know better, couldn’t get his Norma off his mind.

It began as a blustery September day in 1935. Just after noon, a Ford sedan pulled up in front of the Bank of Manhattan in St. Albans and three men got out. They ran into the bank doubled over, as though they were bucking the wind. Once inside, the real reason was plain: Handkerchiefs were knotted over their faces and, between them, they carried a Thompson sub-machine-gun, an automatic shotgun and two revolvers.

“Get ’em up, everybody–and quick!” shouted the man with the Thompson. “I’ll shoot anyone who goes for the alarm button.”

It was all over in five minutes. Moving with the precision of a military squad, the trio herded tellers and customers back to the vault and made them lie down out of sight. While one stood guard, the other two went from cage to cage scooping money into huge pillowcases, then ordered the manager to open the vault.

“Don’t keep us waiting, Mister,” they said.

They followed the manager into the open vault and quickly added two boxes of currency and two canvas coin sacks to the loot in the pillowcase. The job was done. More than $10000 was on its way out the door.

“Nobody move for five minutes if you want to live long enough to tell the cops about this,” barked the man with the shotgun and, as though to lend emphasis to his words, he fired two shots into the floor. Backing out, all three jumped into the sedan—where a fourth man kept the motor running—and sped out of sight.

The St. Albans bank thieves didn’t get their five minutes. One of the tellers, at the risk of her life, had slid over to a telphone while the holdup was taking place and whispered a call for help. But although two squad cars arrived three minutes after the Ford sedan had pulled away from the curb, we might as well have taken three days. There wasn’t a sign of the bandits.

We had one lead and one lead only: a pedestrian, almost knocked to the ground by the retreating gang, had caught sight of the shotgun and, as the car roared away, had had enough presence of mind to make a mental note of the license plate number. I promptly sent one of our cars to check the number out and ordered an eight-state teletype alarm. Then I began to take stock.

From the first, it was plain that the men we were after weren’t amateurs. The masks on their faces had ruled out any chance we had of getting a description. Then, after our technical research men had combed the bank for an hour, someone suddenly remembered that the bandits had worn gloves.  Finally, the officer in the police booth only a block away was called in and asked if he had heard the shotgun blast.”

“No, sir,” he told me. “I check out of the booth at 12 sharp to relieve Hodges for lunch. My relief doesn’t get to the booth until 12:15.”

Their timing had been letter-perfect. They were smart—and that meant a long, hard search lay ahead of us.

Meanwhile, our first lead, the license plate number, bounced back. The car had been reported stolen two weeks before.

All through the night, squad cars roamed the area looking for it, while a dozen detectives checked public garages, parking lots and filling stations.

It was turned up by a motorcycle policeman early the following morning. On the back seat were the canvas sacks and tin boxes taken from the vault—empty—and a pair of cheap cotton work gloves, the kind you can buy in any five-and-ten. Again the fingerprint boys went to work, and again they came up with nothing but a couple of empty book-match covers that had slipped down under the back seat.  Both showed a pair of dice and the words, “Seven-Eleven Club, Seventh Avenue, New York.”

It wasn’t much, but at this point even a slim lead helped. I sent a couple of men to Manhattan to check it out. They returned with the information that the Seven-Eleven club had been closed for weeks; that it had been managed by a man named Joseph LaPreta; that LaPreta lived in Jamaica.

Two men went out to check the man’s neighborhood and turned up a policeman living right next door to him who had observed some significant goings-on in the past few days:

“Three nights in a row,” the officer said, “a Ford sedan with four men in it pulled up in front of LaPreta’s house. They stayed pretty late—I could hear them gunning the motor when they left.”

“When was the last night they came?”

The policeman thought for a moment. Then he said, “THursday. Thursday the fifth. I remembered because we had a little party on Friday and I went to answer the door several times. The Ford wasn’t outside.”

what made this information especially interesting, apart from the match-book covers and the coincidence—if it was a coincidence— of the Ford sedan, was that Friday was the day of the holdup. Obviously, if LaPreta’s friends were driving the same Ford sedan involved in the holdup, they wouldn’t bring it around Friday night.

For ten more days we kept LaPreta’s place under surveillance. But though we saw him coming and going, no Ford sedan showed up, nor did any of the four men described for us by the observant policeman. I decided that there was only one thing left to do: LaPreta was suspicious enough to warrant a raid on his house.

Twelve days after the robbery we struck. It was 5 a.m. and LaPreta had just come home.

“Say, what’s this all about?” he whined.

“Just sit in the chair and be quiet,” I told him.

Four of us scoured the house from top to bottom. Down in the basement, I noticed ashes in the furnace.

“What’s he doing with a furnace fire in September?” I asked aloud. “We haven’t had any cold weather yet.”

I reached in to sift through the ashes and got my answer. Partly charred bank wrappers clearly stamped “Bank of Manhattan.”

I went back upstairs and got right to the point. “Tell us about the bank robber LaPreta, and be quick about it!”

“What bank robbery?” he protested. “I don’t know what you’re talking about.”

“Suppose you begin with the four men and the sedan that showed up here every night a while ago. We’ll prompt you from there.”

“Wait a minute, Officer,” he said, half rising out of his chair. “If those men did anything wrong, don’t put the rap on me. They used to hang around my club—the Seven-Eleven— and about two or three weeks ago, they came here and asked if they could rent my basement for a few days, said they were planning a big party. They came every night for a while, then they paid me off and I haven’t seen them since.”

“Who were they?” I asked.

“Gee, I don’t know. I knew their first names, but that’s all. You know how it is in a cabaret.”

“No,” I said, “I can’t say that I do. How is it?”

“Well, what I mean is, nobody ever uses any last names. It’s just Joe or Bill, you know. And that’s how I knew all these guys.”

Although LaPreta’s story came out pretty straight, I didn’t believe him. Not even when his dentist confirmed the alibi he had viven us —”I was at the dentist at noon on the sixth. I had a 12 o’clock appointment. Just ask him.”

I didn’t believe him for a very simple reason: A man may rent his basement to comparative strangers, but he doesn’t let them build a fire in his furnace in early September, not unless he has a good reason for it. No, LaPreta might have been at the dentist’s when the holdup took place, but only because it made such a nice alibi for him. My guess was that he had already performed his part in the robbery—by casing the bank.

We took him down to headquarters and showed him some rogues gallery books. “Pick out the men who came to your house,” I told him.

After an hour, he came up with the one identification, an ex-convict named Charles Buccheri with a record as long as your left arm.

“I knew him as Phil,” said LaPreta.

Two of us made right for Buccheri’s last known address, a Broadway hotel. The manager checked his records but found no Charles Buccheri. Then I showed him the police picture , and he recognized it instantly.

“Oh, that’s Charlie Malone. I remember him. Let’s see”— he leafed through the register again—”he moved out on September 5.”

“Where did he go?”

“I don’t know. He didn’t leave a forwarding address.”

“Did he have any regular visitors?”

“Well, there was this girl. She was a chorus girl or something, went by the name of Norma Norton, but Malone told me they were married. I can’t check all those things, you know. A man tells me it’s his wife…”

“Yeah, sure,” I said. Actually, the girl spelled good news for us. A hood on the lam alone was a smart hood and he’d be tough to track down. If he was traveling with a girlfriend, though, I figured he couldn’t be so smart.

I gave the girls name to the Broadway squad and asked them if they could get a line on her for me. THey soon reported that she had been living with another showgirl but had left town—on September 6. It was all adding up.

We went to see Norma’s roommate and she seemed most anxious to co-operate—in a non-police way. Norma was in Dallas, Tex., she told us; she hadn’t said when she’d be back.

We thanked her and started to leave. “You guys going all the way to Dallas for a dame?” she called after us down the hall. “What’s so special about her? I’m right here.”

“You guys going all the way to Dallas for a dame?” she called after us down the hall. “What’s so special about her? I’m right here.”

Checking the Motor Vehicle Bureau, we learned that Buccheri had bought a used car the day after the robbery under the name of Charles Malone. We wired the plate number and description of Buccheri to the Dallas police and sat back to wait for results.

Meanwhile, another LaPreta was picked up—on a traffic violation. This one was named Anthony, and when it turned out that there was no such address as the one given on his car’s registry, he was held for questioning. One of the first questions established that Anthony LaPreta’s wife was the sister of a long-sought bank robber named Cowboy Pete Colavecchio.

Now the pieces of the jig-saw were falling into place. I confronted the two LaPretas and asked if they were related. At first they swore up and down that they’d never seen each other. But when we moved aside we could hear them whispering a mile-a-minute in Italian.

“Captain,” Joseph said finally, “you got us frightened, that’s why we lied. We’re cousins. But we had nothing to do with that bank robbery.”

There wasn’t a man in that room who believed him. We were convinced that we now had in custody two of the five men involved in the holdup, and that we knew the names of two others—Buccheri and Pete Colavecchio. But unless we could get one of them to talk there was no point in even going to court. My own feeling was that our man was Charlie Buccheri—our girl, Norma Norton.

Then we got the report from Dallas. It was bad. Buccheri had been there, all right, but he’d left town for parts unknown. That same week, Norma returned to New York.

“Put a 24-hour watch on her, but don’t get too close to her,” I ordered. “And check her mail.”

The mail was what paid off. Norma began getting a letter a day from a man named Frank Medeo in Pennsylvania: his handwriting bore a remarkable resemblance to that of Charles Buccheri. Two men from the Jamaica squad went west and picked him up in a small-town rooming house. It would have been a perfect hideout if he hadn’t been sending up “Come-get-me” beacons in the form of those letters.

Before they got back to New York, my men got the whole story of the holdup from Buccheri. The job had been planned for weeks. Joe LaPreta, who lived in the neighborhood, had cased the bank thoroughly and then set up the dental appointment to establish an alibi. A man named Anthony Cutro had driven the getaway car — stolen before the robbery — while Buccheri, Anthony LaPreta and Pete Colavecchio had carried the guns.

Confronted with Buccheri’s confession, both LaPretas talked a blue streak and we went to trial in December, 1935.  The results: Long prison terms for all three. Cutro was picked up and tried the following year, while federal police caught up with Cola vecchio a few months later. Cowboy Pete faced a state sentence after completing his federal term, while the other four had to do time for the governement when they were released from state prison. None of them will be in a position to make trouble for a long time to come.

We never had much to on, but once we found out about Norma it was only a question of time. She was the weak link—even though four of the five bank robbers didn’t know her. Buccheri knew her. That was enough.    

Dumbbells I Have Known

Dumbbells I Have Known

Front Page Detective

Dumbbells I Have Known

Few killers have high IQs, true. But wait till you read about these dumbbells.

Captain's Blog

November 1955

Dumbbells I Have Known

I have spent most of my life chasing murderers. During my 37 years as a police officer, I’ve been on the trail of some 200 of them…and have caught up with enough to know that there is no such animal as “the typical killer.”

A murderer comes in all shapes, sizes and mentalities. He can be weak, tough, shrewd or stupid. Sometimes he’s easy to catch, usually he’s not.


Some plot for a long time before committing what they hope will be the perfect crime. Others who make crime their business are like professionals in any field, they seldom make mistakes. But many killers strike in the white heat of anger…thoughtlessly, foolishly, passionately. And when they do they always make a mistake, always leave an obvious clue. I call this their “calling card.” 


Captain Henry Flattery

Drawing on a history of more than 30 years with the New York Police Department, Captain Henry Flattery, Ret., is able to spin one fascinating crime story after another, working from his first-hand knowledge of more than 200 homicide investigations.

From the most exciting of his experiences he has culled what he believes to be the most memorable cases for our readers, and in this issue we bring you the second in a series of Captain Flattery stories. 

Take, for example, this foolish, pasionate murder: A few minutes before five on the morning of January 19, 1931, a cab driver rushed into the emergency room of Mary Immaculate Hospital in Jamaica, Long Island, and shouted: “There’s a hit-and-run victim in my cab! I think he’s dying!”

The cabbie was only half right. The man was dying — he didn’t last until dawn — but he was no ordinary hit and run victim. A quick examination disclosed deep, severe burns all over his body. One of his shoes was missing. 

Who could forget running down
a man, dragging him through
the streets for a mile?

The attending surgeon telephoned the Jamaica police station and in a few minutes two detectives from the Jamaica homicide squad were at the hospital. A search of the man’s clothing gave his identity: George Langan, age 26, a chef. From the cab driver, the detectives learned that Langan had been lying in the middle of the intersection of 89th and Jamaica Avenues. An elevated train ran overhead.

“Could these be third rail burns?” asked one officer.

“Not a chance,” the doctor replied. “the look like friction burns, only I never saw any so deep.”

Little information was uncovered at the scene. Langan’s missing shoe was found close by, the entire sole burned away. Blood, if there had been any, had been covered by a heavy snowfall. A query to headquarters from the police box on the corner revealed that the patrolman on the beat had phoned in an “All quiet” at 4:40 A.M.

For exactly 30 minutes, it appeared that we were faced with a brand new “ride” technique, a gangland killing that would take weeks of digging to solve. Then a state trooper in civilian clothes walked into the Jamaica station house.

“I think I saw a hit-and-run accident about 45 minutes ago,” he said. Instantly he had everyone’s attention. This was his story:

He had been driving past 161st Street and Jamaica Avenue at about 4:45 A.M. when he heard men shouting. It looked as though they were running down the middle of Jamaica Avenue chasing a car. Then someone on the corner noticed the trooper and shouted at him: “Stop that Nash! He just hit somebody!”

Swinging into Jamaica Avenue, the trooper gave chase and got close enough to get part of the Nash’s plate number. It was in the T series. Then he skidded on the icy street and went off the road. In the meanwhile the car disappeared. When he drove back to where the men had hailed him, they said that the Nash had climbed the sidewalk, that the driver had intentionally run down a man named Langan, then raced away. Langan’s body had disappeared. Apparently, it had been dragged away by the car.

As it turned out, this is exactly what had happened. George Langan had been dragged for more than a mile before something — or someone — had shaken him loose at 86th Avenue.

Within an hour, we gathered some other useful information from the men on the corner and some other witnesses. All of them, along with Langan, had spent the evening in a brassy speakeasy nearby.

In the course of a long, hard-drinking night, Langan had gotten into three arguments and one fist fight. This left us with a platoon of suspects. But the most likely suspect was missing: he was a man who had gotten into a fight with Langan when Langan bought the man’s girl a drink.

None of the witnesses knew the suspect’s name or remembered him well enough to give us a good description. But they all remembered the girl: a tall, dark-haired beauty with quite a figure.

Now I felt better. We had a murder on our hands, true, but it was a typically stupid crime of impule and I was certain we’d have our man before the day was out.

That morning, one of my men was at the Bureau of Motor Vehicles to check on the killer’s calling card — the segment of a license plate number spotted by the state trooper. It took more than two hours to check through some 5000 plates in teh T series and come up with the names of 27 Nash owneres.

Now this is what I meant by legwork and digging. It might be that we’d have to question each of those 27 men, but amont them we knew we’d find the one we were looking for.

We began with the likeliest candidates. One was a man name Tom Ransome. Although he lived in Brooklyn, he had bought his plates in Jamaica, indicating that he was familiar with the neighborhood. At his Brooklyn address, we learned that he had moved and left no forwarding address. We checked gas, electric and phone companies but failed to come up with a new address. Ransome was getting likelier all the time.

The lead that finally put us on his trail came from a neighbor, the sixth we’d questioned. Ransome’s wife had given their new address to the neighbor. It took the woman a half hour to find it, however. But we waited; like a soldier, a policeman learns to wait.

Our first sight of Mrs. Ransome was a surprise. Though a handsome woman, she was no dark-haired beauty and her figure was not the kind men would remember. Was Ransome just another name to check off an forget, after all?

Then things began looking up. The woman was Mrs. Ransome, all right, but she hadn’t seen her husband in weeks. He’d lefter her for “a cheap, hip-swinging hussy.” All she knew was that he used to have a restaurant on Hillside Avenue in Jamaica.

“If you find him,” she said, “let me know. I’ve got a warrant for his arrest.”

The restaurant was closed but not far from it we found our first real break: the death weapon, a 1925 Nash with a dented front fender and bits of clothing still clinging to the underside. It was in a parking lot across the street. A spot on the crankcase was shining bright. Something had rubbed against it just recently.

From the parking lot attendant, we found out that the car belonged to a “Mr. Moore.”

The attendant had no idea where Moore might be.

“Try the rooming houses first,” I told my men. “He wouldn’t be apt to take an apartment with his wife on the prowl for him.”

The search came to an end a block away. “Yes,” said a landlady, “there’s a Mr. Moore here. Second floor back.”

We went up the stairs and knocked.

We could hear a man whispering, but there was no movement.

“Police business,” I said. “You’ve got ten seconds before we knock the door in!”

The door opened. A man in pajamas with the red-eyed evidence of a hangover stood before us.

‘Your name Ransome?” I asked.

“Moore.” he answered. “My name’s Jim Moore.”

I looked past him. In the bed was a dark-haired girl.

“What’s this all about?” the man asked.

“Where were you last night””

“In a speakeasy on Jamaica Avenue.”

“How long?”

“i don’t remember. I got pretty loaded.”

“Did you get in a fight with anyone over the girl?” She was getting out of bed. Yes, that was a figure you wouldn’t forget.

“No. I didn’t fight with anyone.”

“Which way did you come home?”

“I don’t remember. I told you I was drunk.”

“Could you have hit anyone with your car?”

“No. Of course not.”

“Where’s your car?”

“In the parking lot on the next block.”

“We’ll have to take it down to headquarters for a check. Let’s have the key.”

“It’s in the glove compartment. Door’s open.”

“All right. You two better come along. “

At headquarters, the man finally admitted that his name was Ransome and that he was hiding out from his wife, but he stuck to his story that he didn’t remember anything about the night before except that he hadn’t hit anyone with his car.

“But if I did it was by accident. I was dead drunk.”

Now we had him. “You hit someone, all right, Ransome, but it was no accident. You got blind mad about Langan making a pass at your girl. You waited until he came out of the speak, then ran your car on the sidewalk to kill him. What’s more, you weren’t drunk enough to forget about it. If your memory was clear enough to remember that your car key was in the glove compartment and the door was open, it’s hard to believe you’d forget about running a man down and dragging him through the streets for a mile or more.”

The charge stuck. Just 12 hours had elapsed between Ransome’s crime and his booking. He was sentenced to 15 years for second-degree manslaughter.

The Cupcake Killer

During World War II, there was a man we called the “Cupcake Killer.” He got an unexpected break when his victim inadvertently threw suspicion on another man. In spite of that, and in spite of the Cupcake Killer’s clever ruse to throw us off, he was arrested within 24 hours. He had killed in an angry frenzy and left a calling card.



On a cold winter night in 1942, Patrolman Joseph Doyle was walking past the Dutch Reformed Church in Queens when he saw a light flicker in the dark churchyard.  For a moment he stared into the blackness, wondering if he could have been mistaken. Then the light flared again. Doyle jumped the fence. Instantly the light died and there was the sound of running footsteps up the gravel drive. Doyle searched the area with his flashlight but could find no one.

He went back to where he had first seen the beam of light. No windows were broken in the church. There was no indication that anyone had tried to break in. Then Doyle saw the woman. She was lying just off the path. A green scarf was tightly knotted around her throat, which had been viciously slashed. She was young and had been pretty once. Now she wasn’t.

Ten minutes later, the churchyard was filled with policemen. Searchlights were set up and the medical examiner began inspecting the body.

As I listened to Doyle’s story, it struck me that the killer must have lit some matches after the woman was dead: he wouldn’t require any light to strangle her or cut her throat, and even if he did she’d be unlikely to hold still while he used his hands to light a match. That being the case, the killer must have been looking for something, her purse if he was a mugger, something that belonged to him if he wasn’t.

“Cover every inch of the yard,” I instructed my men. “I’m looking for a calling card.”

But, except for a bakery carton of cupcakes, nothing was turned up. There were no signs of a struggle.

The medical examiner made his report: “She probably died a few minutes before Doyle spotted her. Strangled with the scarf. Those cuts are funny.  Not one big one but a whole series of little ones, as if the killer had used a small knife. And not a very sharp one at that. No matter. The scarf’s what killed her.”

By this time, quite a crowd had gathered outside the churchyard although it was almost 2 A.M. Hoping to get a lead on the dead woman’s identity, I asked them to file by and have a look at her. They did, but it brought no results.

Back at headquarters, I went through a pile of Missing Persons reports. There was nothing matching a description of our murder victim. It seemed to me that if the woman had been carrying a box of cupcakes, she might have a family. But if she had a family, why hadn’t they reported her missing?

Other things weren’t adding up, either. The case didn’t follow the pattern of the usual muggings. Muggers don’t use scarves, they used their forearms. And they certainly didn’t hack away at their victims’ throats with a dull knife. They weren’t interested in killing, only in stealing. They’d kill if they had to, but they wouldn’t stop to cut someone’s throat after they’d gotten what they wanted by strangling.

No, it looked like our killer had planned on murdering the girl, then tried to cover up by making it look like a mugging. If that was so, whatever the killer was looking for in the darkness must have belonged to him— and must be important to us.

Now a clearer, more logical picture began shaping up. The girl had entered the church yard with the killer. She knew him.

At 4:30 that morning, a patrolman found the victim’s purse five blocks from the church-yard. It matched her outfit and contained identification papers and a commutation ticket to freeport, Long Island. We phoned Nassau County police, outlined the crime and asked for a check on a Carol Dugan of Freeport.

Meanwhile, another discovery had been made. In the churchyard, detectives had  uncovered the calling card I was hoping for: a small, bone-handled knife. It still had blood on it.

By morning, we had the report on the victim. Her name was Carol Dugan Tuttle. She worked in a large chain store not for from the church. Her husband was on his way to police headquarters.

Now things began to move quickly. Tuttle, obviously shaken by his wife’s death, answered all our questions forthrightly.

Why hadn’t he notified the police when his wife didn’t get home by, say, midnight?

“She stayed out late pretty often. I thought she’d missed the last train. I had to put the kids to bed. Then I went to be myself.”

Did he know of anyone who might want to kill her?

“Yes. That is, someone tried to kill her a couple of weeks ago. She came home about six in the morning, all beat up and cut. She said a sailor named Wright, John or Joe Wright, who used to work in her place had done it. She promised me she wouldn’t fool around any more.”

Detectives had uncovered the
calling card I was hoping for:
a small, bone-handled knife.

At a tavern near the churchyard, one of several we had been checking, we began unfolding the mystery of Carol’s last hours. She had been there the evening before, drinking with a man the bartender knew only as Bart. The bartender remembered the box of cupcakes.

“Was Bart a sailor?”

“No, a civilian.”

A check of the store where Carol had worked turned up a youngster who knew Bart well: “He’s Bart Rundall. Used to work here. He and Carol were sweet on each other.”

“Do you know a John or Joe Wright?


By now, I was convinced that the killer had tried to throw us a curve ball by making the murder look like a mugging. The question that remained, therefore, was which of Carol Tuttle’s after-hours friends, Rundall or Wright, was our man. We tried Rundall first.

A tall, rawboned young man man, he was shocked when we told him Carol was dead.”But I was with her last night,” he said.

“Yes,we know. Let’s hear about it.”

“Well, we went to this tavern where we always used to meet. We had a few drinks and talked. About midnight or a little after, we left. Carol went to the railroad station and I came home.”

“You didn’t walk through the churchyard with her?”


“Do you know a sailor named Wright?”


“What about Carol’s husband? Know him?”

Now Rundall looked even more shocked: “What do you mean, Carol’s husband? She’s not married. She was going to marry me.”

We took Rundall to headquarters, then began checking Carol’s friends in Freeport. We hit pay dirt with the first one, a girlfriend who remembered the time Carol had been beaten.

“She came to my house before she went home that night, the girl explained. “She said she was afraid to let her husband see her like that. I persuaded her it was best to face the music so she went home.”

“Did she tell you who did it?”

“She didn’t have to. I know this Bart Rundall she goes with. He has a terrible temper.”

“What about the sailor, Wright?”

The woman shook her head. “I don’t know of any sailor.”

We went to work on Rundall but he insisted that he had left Carol shortly after midnight, that he had never known she had a husband and three children by a previous marriage. Then came the big break, a letter we found among Carol’s things. It was from Rundall and it read:

“I know you are thinking of the children, but you don’t owe Harry anything.”

It was pretty clear now. Afraid to tell her husband about Rundall, Carol had invented the sailor named Wright — someone Tuttle could never check up on because he didn’t exist. As for Rundall, he was acting the injured innocent because if he could convince us that he didn’t know about Carol’s husband, he would have no motive for killing her. The letter made a liar out of him and a killer, as well. He had beaten Carol up because she wouldn’t leave her husband for him and he had murdered her for the same reason.

We were ready to play our ace. Calling in witness after witness, we showed them the little bone-handled knife we found in the churchyard and asked if they recognized it. Every one of them who knew Rundall identified it as the one he always carried on his key chain. Result: we had placed Rundall in the churchyard in contradiction to his statement; we knew what he was looking for when he lit the matches.

Caught dead to rights, Rundall finally confessed to Carol Tuttle’s murder and was given a 20 years to life sentence. He had gotten every break a killer could ask for: a phony suspect, a misleading motive and a chance to get away unseen. But he had stacked the cards too high against himself. He had killed in hast; he got plenty of opportunity to repent at leisure.

Ruth Snyder and Judd Gray

Thus far we have considered cases in which a murder committed in haste and anger resulted in the killer’s apprehension. Let us now take a look at a case in which the murder was carefully planned for two years…and then executed suddenly, blindly and foolishly.



I’m referring to the famous Ruth Snyder-Judd Gray case of the 1920’s. Here was a classic murder case embodying all the elements of drama and sex, plus a sensational trial and execution. To police officers it was sensational and classic for another reason: seldom had a murder been committed with such clumsiness and stupidity.

Although Ruth Snyder, a Queens housewife, and her corset salesman-paramour had planned the death of her husband for two years, so bedazzled were they by lust an liquor that not once did they consider the possibility of being caught. Passion guided their hands; ignorance sent them to the electric chair.

March 20, 1927, was just dawning when a hysterical child named Lorraine Snyder telephoned police headquarters and yelled, “My mother is all tied up! Robbers were here!”

A burglary detail hurried to a frame house on 222nd Street in Queens Village. Less than ten minutes later, they called headquarters and said to send out the homicide squad. Seems there was a dead man in the house.

We had to push our way through a mob of neighbors and curious passersby when we arrived at the house.

In an upstairs bedroom, Ruth Snyder, a good-looking blonde just past 30, sat with a piece of rope loosely hanging from one wrist. Her feet were still bound.

In the next room, Mr. Snyder was in bed. He would never again get out under his own power. Not only had his head been brutally bashed in, but his mouth and nose were stuffed with chloroform-soaked cotton strips and a piece of picture wire was tightly knotted around his throat. He was really dead.

“We went back to talk with Mrs. Snyder. This was her story:

She, her husband and her nine-year-old daughter, Lorraine, had been to a neighborhood party. Returning about 2 A.M., they had gone to bed. Sometime later, she had heard footsteps in the hall outside the bedroom. Thinking it might be Lorraine, Mrs. Snyder went to see if anything was wrong. Only it wasn’t Lorraine out in the hall. It was “a big, rough looking individual with a black mustache.” He hit Mrs. Snyder over the head with a club and knocked her out. When she came to hours later, she was on a bed in the spare room, tied and gagged. Dragging herself to Lorraine’s room, she had awakened the child and sent her for help.

If it hadn’t been tragic, it would have been laughable! That’s how obviously false her whole story was. We had been struck by inconsistencies the moment we entered the house; now they were getting ridiculous.

First, although Mrs. Snyder’s hands had been freed by neighbors, her feet were still tied when we got there. This was to show us how helpless the killer had left her.

Second, if the Snyder home had been invaded by a burglar, he might have beaten Albert Snyder with a heavy object, or chloroformed him, or strangled him. But since all three had been done, it was obvious that either the burglar had been a maniac or Mrs. Snyder was lying.

Inside of ten minutes, those possibilities were narrowed further. Although the house was in a state of disorder — drawers pulled out, clothing on the floor — there was a careful design to the jumble. Valuable linens, for example, were neatly stacked on chairs; a set of sterling silver lay untouched on a talbe, as did a mink coat. Jewels, which Mrs. Snyder promptl maintained had been stolen, were discovered hidden under a mattress. No matter how hard we looked and how many questions we asked, Mrs. Snyder could think of nothing that was actually missing, absolutely nothing.

We turned to other things. How had the burglar gotten into the house? Both doors were locked from the inside and there was no sign of forcible entry on any window.

What about the terrific blow Mrs. Snyder had received on her head? When the medical examiner had finished examining her, he said that she hadn’t been hit at all.

We arrested Ruth Snyder that morning. Just before 11 that night, she confessed to killing her husband and said that her accomplice, Judd Gray, was in a Syracuse hotel. Four hours later, Syracuse police picked him up and turned him over to two Queens detectives, who brought him back to New York.

For hours, Gray maintained his innocence. He didn’t care what Ruth Snyder had said about him.; he had remained in his hotel room in Syracuse all through the night of the murder. Halfway back to the city, he was confronted with a used Pullman ticket from Syracuse to New York, dated March 19.

For a long moment, Judd Gray acted like a man in a trance. Then he said “Well, gentlemen, I was in Queens Village that night.”

The trail was one of the most spectacular in New York crime. It brought out a sordid story of blind passion and equally blind hatred which inevitably led not only to murder but, just as inevitably, to discovery.

Mrs. Snyder had met Gray in 1925 and immediately became his mistress. Soon they were both planning Albert Snyder’s murder, not only so that they could continue their bacchanals with impunity, but so that Mrs. Snyder could collect the double indemnity on a $50,000 insurance policy she had thoughtfully taken out on her husband’s life — without his knowledge.

And never once, despite the long period of time in which they had to devise their murder plan, did the conspirators ever face the harsh realities of crime and punishment. 

Ruth Snyder was surprised when detectives refused to accept her version of her husband’s death. She was shocked when they penetrated her flimsy story within 30 minutes. 

Murder is a crime that calls for careful planning and cool wits — which is why so few are successful. Ruth Snyder and Judd Gray talked of Albert Snyder’s murder for two years, but when they finally struck they were completely without order or plan. It’s rarely any other way when passion is the motive.

One of the writers [Damon Runyon] covering the trial called the case the Dumbbell Murder and that’s about as accurate a label as anyone could pin on it. Even after her arrest, Ruth Snyder clung to the belief that everything was going to be all right just because she wanted it to be.  Just before the trial, for example, she actually requested the police to return a suitcase found at one of the hotels where the couple held their secret trysts. When one of the detectives told her, “Don’t worry. You won’t need it for a couple of years.” She replied, “Do you mean you actually think they’ll send me away? Who are you trying to kid?”

On the night of January 12, 1928, Ruth Snyder and Henry Judd Gray were electrocuted in Sing Sing Prison. The detective, it turned, wasn’t trying to kid anybody.

Editor’s Note: The names Tom Ransome and Bart Rundall in this story are fictitious. The convicted killers have served their sentences and are, apparently, rehabilitated to a worthwhile place in society. 

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Front Page Detective October 1955

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Front Page Detective

I never found honor among thieves. The only thing that kept them from talking was a strip of fear a mile wide. One of the first mottos I learned was: “To catch a thief, ask another.”

When you’re a detective and the former assistant district attorney wants to see you, you hop. You hop even if it’s the coldest night in the memory of man and the clock says 2 a.m. You hop even if the sleep is still thick on your lids and your shoes seem to have completely disappeared from the place under the bed where you know you left them.  That’s what I did on the night of February 6, 1936.

The call didn’t come directly from the former assistant district attorney. It came from police headquarters and the voice was the early morning hawk of a police sergeant, but the message was loaded with authority.

“Charley Froessel wants to see you in his office right away, Captain. He’s in the Barr Building. “

Froessel had worked out of Queens County, which was my territory, and he’d participated in some of the most dramatic cases we have on record during the rip and roaring 20s. He was no longer with the District Attorney’s office, but if he wanted to see me at 2 o’clock on a February morning it wasn’t just to reminisce.

How good the reason was I learned as soon as I approached the Barr Building, which stood dark and desolate in the winter night. A uniformed patrolman was on guard at the door.

“Big stickup, Captain. They’re all up on the seventh floor.”

Upstairs, I found Froessel sitting behind his desk. He was ashy white and shaken. With him were two detectives from my squad and a white-haired man whose face was bleeding from two deep cuts. His name was Travis; he was the night watchman.

Practically on my heels came the borough Deputy Chief Inspector. It was a big stick up, all right. 

Five men had invaded the building, trussed up Froessel and the watchman, and systematically looted the place. Although no complete estimate had been made of the loss as yet, it would probably be in six figures and would be shared by several tenants.  

I asked Froessel to tell us exactly what happened. He said that he returned to his office late that evening to finish a confidential report for the Justice Department for which he was now a special counsel.

At 11 P.M. he rang for the elevator and got in without looking at the operator. The gate was scarcely shut when Froessel felt a gun poked in his ribs: “Open your mouth just one time, Mister, and you’re dead,” the “operator” said.

The man wore a mask and gloves, and seemed to know his way around the building. From the lobby, he prodded Froessel down a flight of back stairs to the basement. There in the glaring light of the unshaded bulb, frossel saw two other masked men and the watchman, who was bound to a chair.

“This guy got cute with us,” one of the men explained to Froessel.

“Don’t you try it unless you want some of the same.”  

As they began tying Froessel to a chair, two more men entered the basement. The group now numbered fibe.

“Who’s this guy?” one of the men said.

“I picked him up on the seventh floor just now,” said Froessel’s captor. “Must’ve been working late.”

“Let’s have a look,” the newcomer said. He reached into the attorney’s coat pocket and came out with a billfold. The gunman took out a package of bills, some $250 in cash. Then, as he looked through the papers in the billfold, he whistled softly.

“We got us a big fish here, men,” he said. “This is none other than Charles W. Froessel, the great prosecutor.”

There was a moment of silence. Then the gunman spoke again: “Let’s have a look at his place first. Bring him along.”

Froessel’s bonds were loosened then and he was yanked to his feet. He was let back up the stairs into the elevator and up to his office. A light was turned on and, while one of the masked men held a gun on Froessel, three others began to search the two-room suite.

“Bring him in here,” someone called from the inner office. They had found the safe.

“All right, your honor,” said one of them, mockingly, “what’s the combination?” 

Froessel tried a bluff: “I don’t remember. I never touch it. My secretary has been opening that safe for two years.”

How far the bluff would carry him, Froessel didn’t know, but he was ready to ride it as far as he safely could. His personal belongings were in that safe — stocks, jewelry and $4000 in cash — along with $28,000 in government-owned bonds., entrusted to his care by the Justice Department.

As it turned out, the bluff worked — but it didn’t help.  Fingering the safe, one of the bandits said, “The hell with him; I can rip this can. Take the hero downstairs and tie him up.”

Back in the basement, Froessel was bound to a chair alongside the watchman. For two hours he sat there…under the watchful A.M., the other four returned, signaled the guard and left…with the unhurried air of a group of businessmen completing a big deal.

It took Froessel and the watchman nearly 15 minutes to squirm free of their bonds and telephone the police. To an experienced hood — which these men obviously were — 15 minutes is a long time.

About the Author

Captain Henry Flattery

From a bicycle cop whose job it was to ticket reckless buggy drivers and overparked carriages, Irish Henry flattery grew to be one of the most respected members of the New York Police Department, a captain who participated in over 200 investigations and who was retired in 1952 with the distinction of being one of the few top officers admitted to the Police Honor League. 

The high points in the lives of most retired men have to do with successful business deals, with acquaintanship with celebrities, with the creation of works of art. Captain Henry Flattery’s memories are studded with anecdotes involving the round-up of infamous bandit gangs, the capture of homicidal maniacs, the bluffing out of telephone kidnap threats. The big names that are noted in his book won their notoriety through the questionable channels of thievery, murder, forgery and arson. Captain Flattery (retired) is now in his 60s, a security officer in one of New York City’s leading hotels, but he has known more excitement, experienced more adventures and had more close brushes with death than most men will ever read of. He has volunteered to tell you of some of them and this is the first in a series of Captain Flattery storeis. Other accounts of his many fascinating experiences will appear in future issues of Front Page Detective.

By the time Froessel was finished talking, my men were back with a report on the rest of the building. The first four floors had just been vacated by a large company, but three other offices on the fifth and sixth floors had been hit hard: a jimmied safe in a finance company office had yielded more than $1000 in cash; merchandise valued at $1500 had been taken from a hosiery manufacturer; and an attorney named Gallup was still checking his ransacked office to see if anything was missing. Including the government bonds, Froessel’s office had been the thieves’ biggest mark: all told, more than $50,000 came out of it.

I walked over to the safe. It bore the mark of an expert. A small hole had been drilled near the jamb, a jimmy inserted to pry the hole wider, and a tempered steel can-opener device used to rip the door plate from the top to bottom.

“Did you let the men in?” I asked the watchman. “No sir,” he replied. “After I locked the building doors at a quarter to eight, I only opened them one time and that was for Mr. Froessel.”

“What time was that?”

“About 9 o’clock.”

“When did you first see the holdup men?”

“It must have been around 11 o’clock. I went down to the basememt ot check the furnace and there they were, all around me. I tried to run for it bu one of them hit me with a gun. I sort of blacked out. When I came to, I was all tied up, like Mr. Froessel saw me.”

“Could they have gotten in during the day and hidden in one of the vacant offices downstairs?”

“No, sir. They’re painting down there and I’m supposed to check every one of them offices for fire hazards. I did that around 11 o’oclock.”

“What about the offices up here?”

“All locked, every one of them.”

“Well, how did they get in?”

“I don’t know, Captain.”

And I didn’t either. None of the main doors had been forced; no windows were broken. Despite what the watchman said, they must have been inside the building before he locked it up for the night. But where?

This was only the first of many unanswereable questions that were to rise and plague us on one of the most tangled criminal trails my squad ever followed. Before it took us to the men we were after, it would wind through a maze of murder, kidnaping and robbery; it would involve countless witnesses, big wheels and two-bit hoodlums. Four long, bitter years were to pass before the New York Police Department could close the file on “The Froessel Case,” which opened that winter night.

But that’s how it is when you’re up against a gang of professional gunmen. They won’t give themselves away like a scared kid on his first job. Their moves are never neat and compact like the amateur’s single criminal act; a gang can’t be content with the one stickup, no matter how big the haul. Crime is their business; it’s all they know. Once organized, a gang goes on and on – until death or the law breaks it up.

The worst part of tracking them down is that you may not really have them even after you’ve caught them. You may have your man sitting right in front of you in the interrogation room. He knows he’s guilty, but he knows the angels too: he knows you can’t convict him without positive evidence. If you don’t have the evidence you grit your teeth, let your man go and start all over again. You have no other choice.

Time, however, is on the policemen’s side when he’s tracking a mob of pros because a mob, by its very nature, must eventually destroy itself. Every man in it is a potential police lead, and so is every man he touches. So we forget about the gun-slingers and go after the bartenders and informers; we talk to wives and sweethearts, jail mates and old buddies .We track them all down, every last one of them, and we ask: “Who’s flashing the big roll? What’s your man been up to? Who fingered the Barr Building?”

It’s a tough, weary job, but it’s our best weapon. There are few real secrets in the tight little circle of the local underworld and eventually everything leaks out.

Time works in two ways. The gang strikes again. Pressures begin to mount through newspaper stories and public opinion. We get a bit of information here, add it to what we found there. The same names begin to turn up again and again. A patterne emergges. We keep working, asking, looking. It takes a long time but in the end we win out. As we did in this case.

Before that long night of February 6 was over, police flyers describing the stolen securities were on their way to banks and brokerage houses all across the country. A dragnet was thrown over the city and the usual motley crew of punks, procurers and addicts was brought in. Fingerprint men went to work on the raided offices. A list was compiled of every master safecracker know to be at liberty.

From it all, we learned exactly nothing. None of the underworld characters we had picked up knew anything about a new safe gang; there wasn’t a fingerprint in the Barr building that matched anything we had on file in headquarters; and of the dozen men with the technique to slice open a safe the way Froessel’s was opened, we couldn’t find more than two of them.  

But that was only the beginning of our trouble. Five days after the Barr Building was looted, a local creamer was hit and a small safe containing $2800 in cas was stolen. On the night of February 12, the watchman of a coal company was surprised by a band of masked gunmen and tied to a chair while a safe holding $3500 was expertly rifled. On February 16, a vending machine company was the target. Their vault was looted of $242,000 in cash, the checks and securities.

There was no question but that all four jobs had been pulled by the same gang; their touch was unmistakable and was evident on each job. Within ten days, they had made off with close to half a million dollars, and four all we had found out about them in that time, they might just as well have been Martians operating from outer space.

On February 17, I was called to the District Attorney’s office. I wasn’t surprised. I knew just what he had to say; that Charles Froessel’s name as a robbery victim had made headlines and alerted the public; that three more robberies inside of two weeks had made the police department look foolish; that he wanted action.

I was called to the District Attorney’s office. I wasn’t surprised. I knew just what he had to say; that Charles Froessel’s name as a robbery victim had made headlines and alerted the public; that three more robberies inside of two weeks had made the police department look foolish; that he wanted action.

He said all that and more – and I didn’t blame him. He had probably got the same speech from the Mayor, and I turned right around and gave it to my men. Pressure follows a chain of command. That chain leads to the people.  They’re at the very top, and when they choose a group of men to do a police job for them, they expect it to be done. I aimed to get it done.

On February 24 we got action. A bank clerk, checking through a batch of incoming securities, spotted one of the bonds stolen from Froessel’s safe. I had two men trace it through the maze of Wall Street to where it had been cashed in, a Manhattan branch of the Corn Exchange Bank.

A few pertinent inquiries led us to a man named Fred Spillman.

He had a record dating back to the time he was nine. Now 35, he had 20 arrests, the charges ranging from forger to armed robbery. At the moment he was fronting for a Cuban development company which, while it may have been legitimate was also a perfect blind for a fence. I ordered Spillman brought in for questioning and, at the same time, sent a man to check his office.

Spillman didn’t have much to say when brought in. He admitted cashing the bond, but insisted it had been deposited with him by a Cuban engineer as part payment for a construction job Spillman’s company was doing.

“Can we get in touch with this engineer?” I asked. “Well, he’s gone back to Havana. I imagine it would take quite a while.”

“Yes, I imagine it would. Look, Spillman let’s quit playing games. We both know you fenced that bond for the crowd that knocked over the Barr Building. Tell us who they are and where the rest of the bonds are, and we’ll have a good word to say for you to the D.A.

“You’re making a mistake, Captain. I’m not fencing no bonds for nobody.”

I was about to try another approach when I was called outside to talk with Hugh McEnroe, the detective I’d sent to shake down Spillman’s office. Another man was with him.

“I think we’ve got the right pigeon, Captain,” Hugh said. “I found a receipt for a safety deposit box made out to an Allen Stevens in Spillman’s desk. I took it over to the bank and had a talk with these gentleman – he’s the assistant manager. He told me that the box was rented on the morning of February 6, the day of the robbery. The bank opened the box for me. This is what was in it.” He pulled some papers out of a large manila envelope. They were all the stocks and some of the bonds stolen from Charles Froessel’s safe.

I led the bank manager inside and pointed to Spillman. “Is this the man who rented the safety deposit box on February 6?” “Yes, sir,” the banker replied. “That’s the one.”

Spillman had nothing to say except that he wanted a lawyer. I ordered him booked for receiving stolen property.  Then I began investigating all of Spillman’s criminal friends.  It turned out to be unnecessary, however.

Working for 18 consecutive hours with silver nitrate and ultra violet rays, the men at the Police Technical Research Bureau had come up with every identifiable fingerprint on the bond Spillman cashed in. Checked against police records, three of these prints were of a 28-year-old Brooklyn tough who had already served one sentence for armed robbery and beaten the rap four other times. His name was Augie Faucetta. He was neither an underworld wheel nor a big brain, but for a dependable hood who could take orders on a big safe-cracking job, he was a good bet.

I promptly put a tail on Augie and began quizzing everyone he knew. This led us to a cheap hotel on Broadway.

“Augie spends a lot of time there,” one of his cronies said. “He got friends who live there or something.”

That same day, Detective Hugh McEnroe stationed himself at the hotel. We didn’t hear from him for two days, but when he finally did return to headquarters, he had big news.  

“That’s Augie’s hangout, all right, but he’s not the only one. That place is like the Rogues Gallery come to life. I saw more hoods in that lobby than we get in the lineup on a good day. And who do you suppose Faucetta’s best buddies are? Red Crowley, Joe McKenna and Charlie Rozea. They spent four hours together in Room 216 last night. “ 

There was a long silence in the squad room when Hughie was finished. He had made a real find and we all knew it. Crowley, McKenna and Rozea all had long police records. As a team they were capable of anything. There was no question about what we had to do.

Anyone hanging around the lobby of the hotel just before midnight on February 26 probably didn’t notice the two men taking to the desk clerk. They looked like they were asking for a room. A third man stood idly by the switchboard, seemingly asleep on his feet. There was certainly nothing in the picture to get excited about.

The picture changed an instant after I walked into the lobby with Hugh McEnroe. Suddenly the men at the desk weren’t interested in a room anymore. They were detectives and they had a job to do.

The clerk and two bellboys were ordered into a back room, and my men took over at the desk. The man standing at the switchboard came to life, too. He relieved the regular operator with the barest, “Pardon me, buddy,” and quickly disconnected every outside wire. The hotel was sealed off tight. It was primed for one of the most spectacular police raids in the annals of the Jamaica squad.

With the co-operation of Manhattan detectives, 30 special officers had surrounded the hotel. As soon as we had taken over the lobby and ushered all the loiterers into a paddy wagon, ten detectives moved inside and began shaking down every room in the building. In groups of five, every man or woman with a criminal record was taken to headquarters. I noticed two officers hustle Faucetta, Rozea and McKenna outside, but I didn’t give them a second glance. Let them sweat a while.

Before 1 A.M., the job was done, and don so well that when Red Crowley strolled into the lobby at 12:45 his jaw almost hit the ground at the reception waiting for him.

“You’re under arrest, Red,” I told him.

“What for?”

“Playing with fire crackers, that’s what for. Come on.”


With the co-operation of Manhattan detectives, 30 special officers had surrounded the hotel. As soon as we had taken over the lobby and ushered all the loiterers into a paddy wagon, ten detectives moved inside and began shaking down every room in the building. In groups of five, every man or woman with a criminal record was taken to headquarters.

Captain Henry Flattery

That same night, we released 11 of the 20 people we’d picked up. Preliminary questioning showed they had no connection with the Froessel job. Later, others were turned loose and we concentrated on the men we were really interested in: Crowley, McKenna, Rozea and Faucetta.

Crowley by now was living up to his image of the hard-as-nails hood. “You ain’t got a thing on me,” he said, “and I ain’t got a thing to say to the cops.”

McKenna, known as the Professor because he had read a book once, admitted he frequented the hotel, but only because his girlfriend lived there.  “I don’t know anything about a safe job.”

Rosea sang the same tue time after time: “I’m on parole, fellas,” he kept whining, “I wouldn’t do nothing dumb.”

Augie was the one who really threw us, though. We figured that his prints on the bond would shake him up…but he didn’t even bat an eye when we showed it to him. “Yeah, I seen it before,” he admitted. “Fellow name of Spillman showed it to me a couple of weeks ago. Asked me did I ever see a bond before and I said no. So he let me hold it.”

And that’s the way it went, all that night and all through the next day; we couldn’t budge them.

But the raid on the hotel was far from a total loss. Lieutenant Ray Honan, having checked out all the telephone slips charged to Room 216, turned up a shocker; two of the calls were to Jamaica numbers…one to the office and the other to the residence of Attorney Joseph Gallup . It had been Gallup’s office in the Barr Building that was ransacked but, as it later developed, not robbed.

For a long moment, Honan and I stared at each other, each thinking the same thoughts. Could it be that Gallup had fingered Froessel’s safe for Crowley? Was he the answer to how the stickup men go into the building on the night of February 6? Did Gallup let them into his office before the building was shut down for the night? The watchman, trying Gallups locked door at 10 p.m. would have no way of knowing that a band of safecrackers was waiting inside.

If Gallup had been working with Crowley’s mob under the guise of a respectable law practice, the whole thing would fit together perfectly – we would have our fingerman, our fence and the safecrackers all in one package.

As far as a jury was concerned, however, the evidence was still mostly conjecture. The best we could hope for on what we had at the moment was to put Spillman, the fence, away for a couple of years on a receiving-stolen-property charge. We had little on Crowley and his boys, even less on Gallup. He was an upright citizen without any links to the underworld – except two telephone calls from Room 216.

That same day, even this slender thread was severed. Called down to headquarters, Gallup had a ready explanation for the calls. He was preparing a divorce action in which Joe McKenna was to be a witness. McKenna had telephoned him twice to get some details straightened out.

It was hard to believe that the long arm of coincidence could reach out that far, but we had no choice except to swallow Gallup’s story.

It got worse before it got better. Despite almost three weeks of persistent questioning, not one of the men picked up at the hotel talked. On March 9, they were released.

Ten days later, a union leader was murdered on Manhattan’s West Side docks. Following a lead, detectives raided a West 90th Street apartment and uncovered an arsenal of machine guns, rifles, silencers and 4000 rounds of ammunition. Hovering stupidly over the whole works, like a hen guarding her errant chicks, was none other than Joe McKenna. He was reading another book.

Although he managed to wriggle free of the murder charge, McKenna was quickly convicted of violating the Sullivan Law – about two dozen counts – and was handed a 7-to-14-year prison sentence.

One down, five to go.

A month later, number two was tucked safely behind bars. Spillman was handed a 20-year-to-life sentence for receiving stolen property. And here, in his moment of greatest adversity, Spillman blundered. In a private conference with his wife, he revealed the whereabouts of another $2500 of Foessel’s government bonds; they were in another safety deposit box. When Mrs. Spillman showed up there to get them, two detectives relieved her of the key. The long weeks they’d spent shadowing her had finally paid off.

Number three was Crowley himself. Apparently willing to try anything once – so long as it was against the law – Red had kidnaped the son of a New York State political leader. Captured, he broke out of Jamesville prison, was taken again and this time moved to Leavenworth where he began working off a 30-year Federal sentence.

By now, Augie Faucetta must have grown lonesome. He tried to make some new friends. They were the wrong kind again. Augie was picked up for a payroll robbery and got 30 to 60 years. As the saying goes, that wasn’t the half of it. There was more, much more, in store for Augie.

So there we were. Only Rozea among our prime suspects for the Froessel job was free now, and he was being kept under constant surveillance. To anyone but a cop, this might seem like a job well done: four of the five men we had been after were serving long prison terms. What difference if they had been tried on other charges?

The answer to that is: it makes all the difference in the world. Until the Froessel case came to trial, it remained wide open in police department records, a galling situation to every officer who had participated in the investigation. Furthermore, whether it was Gallup or someone else, I was convinced that Froessel’s office had been fingered, that the gunmen had been admitted to the building and hidden by that same person. And whoever he was, that man was walking free on the streets this very moment.

Meanwhile, the stolen bonds kept turning up in various parts of the country. Although everyone was traced as far back as it could be, we never once got a lead on their point of origin. Finally, on September 29, almost eight months after the robbery, the last batch appeared in Morristown, M.J. When we failed to penetrate the blind thrown up to mask this transaction, we had to cross out the bonds themselves as a potential source of information.

I had one last idea. As a precaution, I had maintained a part-time tail on Mrs. Spillman. When the report came in that she was in financial trouble, I decided to convey the sad tidings to Spillman himself. Remembering the concern he had shown for his wife’s welfare after his trial, I thought there was a chance he’d lose his temper when he heard how poorly fixed his comrades-in-arms had left her.

“You’re wasting your time,” were his first words when he saw me.

“I don’t think so, Spillman,” I said. “Seen your wife lately?”

“What about it?”

“I hear she’s not doing too well.”

He stared at the ceiling.

“I hear the boys didn’t take care of her, that she’s out working day and night to make enough money to get by on.”

“Lay off, Flattery. I got nothing to say to you.”

“Why don’t you wise up, Fred? Your buddies welched and your wife’s paying for it. Now they’re doing time and they can’t hurt you or help her.”

“So what?”

“So play it smart, and you’ll be free in a couple of years. Be stubborn and we’ll lodge a robbery warrant against you. That’ll take care of your chance of parole. You’ll do every last day of that 20 years.”

He was quiet for a long time. He wasn’t looking at the ceiling any more.

“Were you in on the stickup, Fred?”

He nodded.

“Who else?”

“Crowley, McKena, Faucetta and Rozea. Crowley ripped the can.”

“Who fingered it?”

Gallup. We went up to his office one at a time that afternoon. He locked us in and left at seven. We messed up his place to make it look good, then came out and went to work.”

“Fred,” I said tensely,  “will you tell all this to a jury?”

“Will you get me off the robbery rap?”

“I’ll try.” 


I called for a guard and a stenographer. Then I heaved a big sigh. We were about to unwind the Froessel case.

As it turned out, we almost lost it again. Gallup had disappeared. For months we hunted down every lead to find him, but we had no luck.

In December, 1939, just two months before the statute of limitations on the Froessel case would have barred prosecution, an officer shadowing Charlie Rozea–who had never been out of our sight for long—followed him into an uptown apartment building. When Charlie didn’t show by 3:30 in the morning, the detective entered the apartment into which Rozea had disappeared. Charlie was still inside. With him was Joseph Gallup.

With Spillman as State’s witness, the trial was open and shut. Crowley, Rozea, McKenna and Faucetta were each sentenced to from 30 years to 60 years. These terms would not begin until the men had completed their current sentences. Their chances of ever getting out of prison alive are not bright. Gallup drew a 15-to-30-year sentence and faces embezzlement charges when he gets out. 

Fred Spillman was not prosecuted on the robbery charge, but he didn’t know a good break when he got one. Weeks after his release from prison, he was back in; he’d developed a small burglary business which he operated whenever newspaper death notices assured him that his victims wouldn’t be home. It took us three such burglaries to catch up with the pattern.

On the fourth one, we caught up with Fred Spillman.

And so, more than four years after the robbery, we were able to make the Froessel case closed. In doing so, we broke up one of Queens County’s most dangerous gangs, not with police heroics or dime novel brainwork, but by patient, persistent — and often aggravating—plugging away at every lead, every angle. 

Dead Dogs Wag No Tales

Dead Dogs Wag No Tales

July 4, 1943


Dear Captain Flattery:

Here are the stories I thought your folks would be interested in reading because you are featured in each story.

I find that I’ve featured you in 15 stories, but I can find copies of the published versions or copies of the finished manuscripts in only 12 of the 15. So I’m force to enclose the original manuscripts on three of the 15 stories.

You will find the original mauscripts (Forssel Case, The McCabe Case and the Trifon Case) difficult to read but they will give you an idea anyway. The originals are exactly as my typis gets them from me and she is probably the only person living who can read my handwriting and understand my interlineations.

You will find that I’ve written these stories under various pennames and most of the pennames are those of living persons, to wit; Royal Riley, Hans Seikel, Willie Keegan, Brenda Wright. Correction: Brenda Wright is not a person; she is my landlady’s little fox terrier.

Four of the enclosed stories have not yet been published. These for are the Kaplan Case, Rose Lander Case, Talking Corpse and Footprints to Rose. All the others have been published but I have only the enclosed five stories in published form.

You’ll understand why I have to use different pennames for different publishers under different names.

Nevertheless, you understand, these are TRUE detective stories, so if you should run across any item that is not exactly true, please keep it to yourself because the readers of True Detective Magazines live for one purpose only, it seems, and that purpose is to find something wrong in a story and then write to the editor about it.

John J. Sheehan Jr.

166-02 90th Ave., Jamaica.
Phone: Republic 9-0281

All Present and Accounted For, Sir.


Royal Riley  

Hans Seikel

Eleventh-Hour Tickets to Stir

Eleventh-Hour Tickets to Stir


Eleventh-Hour Tickets to Stir

By Charles P. Sullivan
District Attorney, Queens County, New York
as Told to Royal Riley

Captain's Blog

Thick as Thieves

Last Minute Stickup, Long Term Sentence

“We’ll get Lugers to mow down the bulls with.”

It was a sinister whisper, this statement from the blond punk. It traveled only two feet there in the outer office of Elmira Reformatory. But the thick-lipped young man with the white face heard and understood.

Lugers are good, he thought. They hold nine bullets; a cop’s special only six. It’d feel swell to have a Luger in his hand when he got out.

His glance flicked over the rigidly solemn faces of the other uneasy members of his “graduating class” and returned to the cold-eyed blond youth at his side.

Detective John L. O’Brien, shown with his wife, stopped an Elmira Rat’s bullet and still got his man.

“How’ll we get ‘em?” His query slid between the bitter, thick lips that didn’t move. “Lugers cost dough.”

“I’ve got a Colt buried in my old man’s back yard.”

The explanation hissed out the corner of the blond youth’s mouth while his eyes stared straight ahead.

“Good. But we’ll need a mob.”

“Leave that to me.” The blond plotter’s stony face said plainly he’d given the subject much thought. “I’ll have a mob together by the time I meet you at the parole office next month.”

The Captain of the Guard approached from the far end of the room.

“You don’t have to whisper any more, Boys,” he assured them in a fatherly tone. “You’re free now and you’ll be out of here in a few minutes.”

The bitter lines vanished from the thick-lipped youth’s countenance in a smile of surprising guilelessness.

“We was just wondering how we’d find jobs,” he said.

“Your folks and the probation officer will help you,” said the Guard Captain.

A few minutes later the “reformed” boys were clambering into a station wagon. As they sped off to the railroad station to entrain for their homes throughout the State they looked back with mingled emotions at the receding gray walls of Elmira Reformatory in upstate New York. 

In the minds of some were the parting words of the parole board and resolutions to live exemplary lives,

But in the minds of two seethed bitterness, hatred and contempt for Society. Better death than another stretch behind prison walls, they thought. And they’d figured it all out. No dumb cops would catch them ever again.

Their Lugers would see to that.

A strange new mob swept viciously through New York City a few weeks later. In swift, well-planned raids the gang stuck up and looted a dozen small stores, laundries and gasoline-stations and then went to work on large restaurants. They were arrogant, shrewd and apparently capture-proof.

At first only four youthful punks were in the mob and they had only one gun. Later, there were five bandits and five guns. But whether they had only one gun or five, the depredations of the gang were marked, invariably, by cool bravado and, on occasion, by unnecessary roughness if not wanton cruelty.

Detective James Sabatino — he’s now a Lieutenant — first called the attention of our office to the viciousness of these hoods early in 1929. They had been mocking the police since the previous Fall.

“So far,” he said, “we haven’t been able to get any line on them, but they seem to know Manhattan and Queens pretty well.”

Methodically, Sabatino detailed the characteristic actions at each stickup he was sure the mob had committed. Among the stickups had been a minor raid on a butcher shop in the Astoria section of Queens.

Finding only $4.30 in the butcher shop till, the young thugs stripped a gold signet ring from the finger of one customer, a gold watch from the wrist of another and then trussed up all the victims so viciously that the heavy twine cut through their skin, Sabatino said.

“They are a bad lot , and some day they’re going to get panicky and spill blood with those guns,” the detective concluded.

How could we prevent that when we hadn’t the slightest idea who the young hoods were or where they would strike next?

The predicted blood was spilled a week later.

It happened in the heart of the Jamaica section of Queens on Saturday, March 2.

Near one o’clock that morning five nattily attired youths entered a large Chinese restaurant on the second floor of a building diagonally opposite Town Hall. After eating, one of the quintet reclaimed his overcoat from the check-room and walked out without paying his bill. A minute later he was warming up the motor of a powerful Marmon sedan parked on the opposite side of the street.

“Better give those other four fellows a check,” Harold Akie, the manager, directed a waiter. An American-born university-educated Chinese, Akie was well acquainted with the subterfuges of chiselers.

A moment later he looked up from his account books on the counter beside the cash register and stared into the mammoth mouth of a .45 revolver.

“Keep your hands right where they are, Buddy,” came an acid-dripping voice.

Akie lifted his eyes to a hook-nosed face above the .45 and nodded his understanding. The other three youths were standing behind Hook-Nose, forming a screen so the 100 patrons in the restaurant could not see what was going on. Each held a gun closely, each pointed at Akie. They were the four friends of the youth warming up the car downstairs.

Two were tall and grim-faced, both had blond hair, one had thick lips. The third was a runt with wicked, glittering eyes.

“Okay,” said one thug.

Hook-Nose slid around the counter and tapped the no-sale key. As the cash register rang, the hum of voices in one corner of the restaurant rose in pitch. Then a woman’s voice rose loud and shrill, edged with hysteria. Instantly the four bandits dropped all pretense. They knew their guns had been seen. One blond youth scurried behind the counter.

Instantly the four bandits dropped all pretense. They knew their guns had been seen. One blond youth scurried behind the counter, dug his gun into Akie’s back. The runt and the thick-lipped thug whirled to face the patrons.

“Sit tight, everybody!” snapped the thick-lipped on. “Sit tight and keep your hands above the tables.”

Many of the patrons were to tremble later at remembering the terror that seized them at this moment. It wasn’t the gun, nor anything the bandit said or did that caused it. It was the expression of his face–it’s mask of cold and venomous hate.

It was worse even than the bullet that whined along the side of the room an instant later, a bullet from the runt’s gun. As a waiter peeked out the swinging kitchen-door, the little hood’s arm flashed out and his gun roared.

A woman screamed. The bullet crashed into the wall two inches above the waiter’s head. The head vanished as if by magic. Tension tightened in the restaurant. The bandits were the only unperturbed persons in the room.

The two behind the counter came out. Hook-Nose had cleaned $474 from the till. The other thug had found $700 and the manager’s own revolver in a cash-box on a desk. He held out the extra gun to the dark-haired bandit.

“Want this, Hen, to help cover us?” he asked.

“Hen” nodded.


He took the revolver and stepped to one side, covering Akie and the patrons with two guns.

One of the thugs returned from the checkroom carrying an overcoat and a hat which he passed to Hen. When Hen had slipped them on, his confederates returned to the checkroom.

Abruptly the faint cry of “Holdup! Holdup! Police!” came from the street below. Unknown to the bandits, the proprietor, Tony Kow, had slithered down a rear stairway, through a long dark alley and around a corner to give the alarm.


An eleventh-hour idea for a stickup in this upstairs new York restaurant brought first blood for the Elmira Rats. 

In panic the three bandits struggled to find their hats and coats. They snatched at anything and rushed for the door. Plunging down the stairs they crashed into Patrolman John L. O’Brien who had just begun to ascend.

Until a few days before, O’Brien had been a detective detailed to the Manhattan pickpocket squad. The city’s fashion-plate Police Commissioner had broken him and sent him back to pounding the streets. As a result O’Brien was unaccustomed to a harness-bull’s apparel and still was struggling to get out his revolver when the rush of the bandits swept him off his feet.

Springing up, O’Brien blazed away as the bandits jumped into their powerful care. Flame and thunder crashed back at him from the machine’s black interior.

Hen, rushing down the restaurant stairway, did not lose a stride. One of the two guns in his hands jerked. The slug plowed into O’Brien’s back, just above the heart. Once again O’Brien was knocked to the floor.

Hen entered a different street than he had left. People by scores of persons a few moments before, the side-walks now were deserted except for other policemen racing down the street, their service revolvers crackling.

Their bullets were boring into the back of the car, zinging through its rear window and windshield, while answering blasts and tongues of flame stabbed from its dark recesses.

Suddenly the car jerked ahead and roared away.

The forgotten bandit fled west on Jamaica Avenue, twisted around the nearest corner and dodged into the very alley through which the restaurant proprietor had hurried to give the alarm.

The fleeing hood felt a sense of safety in the alley’s darkness. A thrill of elation followed a few steps farther when he saw a bright light off to one side. He knew now exactly what he’d do. He was smart, he was. He pocketed his guns.

Behind him indomitable Officer O’Brien had pulled himself painfully to his feet and was lurching in pursuit through a fog of dizziness. The thug never knew it until he’d sauntered nonchalantly half-way through a restaurant on the street floor, two doors from the place he’d stuck up.

It was at this moment that O’Brien, who’d followed him through the restaurant’s rear door, jabbed his service revolver into the rat’s back.

“Get ‘em up, you punk!”

The bandit’s arms shot high.

Swaying on his feet, his own blood forming a crimson pool on the white tiled floor, O’Brien fished two guns from the thugs pockets and snapped handcuffs on him. It was a brilliantly illuminated restaurant but to O’Brien it was getting very dark. He didn’t care. His prisoner couldn’t get away; his work was done.

Other officers burst through the front door, caught O’Brien as he fell and took charge of the prisoner. By the time he reached the hospital, O’Brien’s name was being restored to the roles of Manhattan’s famed detective pick-pocket squad.

The getaway car, riddled with bullets, was found abandoned an our later at 148th Street and Hillside Avenue, Jamaica, about a mile from the scene of the crime, its steering mechanism ruined.

Swerving in a desperate attempt to run down Patrolman Edward Coffey a few blocks from the stickup, the driver had struck the curbing a terrific blow. Coffey was clipped by a fender and was hurled spinning to the sidewalk. He managed to get to his knees and send several shots after the car as it careened around a corner at historic King Park and disappeared.

Detectives were astonished when they did not find a speck of blood in the car, and disappointed, too, when they discovered that the bandits coolly had stopped to wipe off all fingerprints before abandoning the machine.

As the officers had expected, the auto proved to have been stolen the previous afternoon on East 81st Street in Manhattan.

Taken to Jamaica Police Headquaters, the captive bandit was identified quicly as Henry Langert, 20, of No. 167 Third Avenue, Astoria, Long Island, a recent graduate of Elmira Reformatory.

Did that mean we were on the way to a quick solution of the vicious holdups of the past Winter? Not by a jubful!

Langert’s finger-prints revealed he’d been convicted previously of attempted robbery. But his prints failed to reveal his character. And as it unfolded during the quizzing period, the next day, Sunday, Captain Henry Flattery and Detectives John J. Magner and John Keudell, who is now a police captain, realized they were dealing with a remarkable individual.

To the amazement of the officers, the youth was not sullen or defiant. He was posed, well-mannered and not without a certain degree of calm charm which was almost incongruous for one of his years and known history.

Solicitously he inquired about O’Brien and expressed his regret when informed the officer was hovering between life and death.

“I only meant to wing him,” he said. Then, with a sigh, “That’s what comes from not casing the joint. We took it on the blind.”

Questioned concerning the identity of the other bandits, Langert looked at the detectives for a moment with an amused smile. Then, with a resigned air, he replied:

“I guess there’s no reason why I shouldn’t tell you. Now that you’ve got me you must know who one of them is and the descriptions you’ve got will finger the others.

Easy for the police? That’s what you think!

“The tall blond fellow?” Langert repeated. “That’s Johnny Cunningham. Hook-Nose? He’s Abe Weinstein. The little fellow is Jimmy O’Brien. The driver was Jimmy Smith.

There was a ring of truth in what Langert said. The officers knew that Cunningham, a tall, blond youth, had been suspected of complicity in the attempted robbery for which Langert had been sent away. In fact he’d been suspected often of various crimes but no rap ever had stuck to him.

Still who were the others?

“They’re friends of Johnny’s,” Langert said. “I never met them until I got out of Elmira.”

The prisoner professed not to know where any of his confederates lived. He thought they lived some place in Brooklyn. Cunningham, he said, always got in touch with him when they had a job planned.

“Like tonight,” Langert volunteered. “I met them down in Greenwich Village. They’d already swiped the car.”

“You didn’t have anything to do with the stickup of Washington Market earlier in the evening, did you?” Captain Flattery suggested.

“Oh, yes, we did,” Langert admitted frankly. “We knocked that place off first. We were only cruising when we came out here. We stopped in the Chinese restaurant just to get something to eat. We stuck it up on the supr of the moment.

“Who tied up the clerks in Washington Market?” Captain Flattery asked. “Cunningham?”

Langert shook his head. “No. Abe Weinstein. Cunningham stood guard. I tapped the till.”

Detective Magner produced a dark gray overcoat from a locker and handed it to Captain Flattery. During their stamped from the Chines restaurant one of the bandits had taken a patron’s coat and left his own. The pockets had yielded a ball of heavy twine and a flashlight.

“Ever see this coat before? The Captain inquired casually.

Langert peered at it closely. “It looks like Abe’s,” he said. “Did you catch him, too?”

There was something convincing in Langert’s frank answers and direct gaze, although it seemed od that he didn’t know where his stickup pals lived. Still, the officers knew, hoods of all types are inclined to shift from one place to another and often meet their friends only in pool-rooms, gin mills and other hangouts.

“If we take you to the rogues’ gallery tomorrow, will you pick out their pictures if they should be there under other names?” Flattery queried.

Langert nodded.

“Why not?” His eyes went to the overcoat. “You’ll get them anyway, if they’re not already dead or in the cooler.”

Nothing in the boy’s actions or remarks aroused any suspicion when he failed to pick out the photos of his pals the following day. For that matter, Akie, the manager of the restaurant, was uable to spot the likeness of any of the other plug-uglies, either.

One photo, they agreed, “looks like Abe Weinstein!”

It was a rogues’ gallery shot of a 22-year-old punk by the name of Joseph Scarola, of No. 324 East 113th Street, Manhattan, who’d spent most of his teen-age life behind bars.

“I’m afraid I can’t pick out any of the bandits from these photos,” Akie said. “I’ll have to see them in person. These photos don’t seem to be very flattering.”

Langert agreed with Akie’s observation and, in addition, picked out photographs of about 10 criminals who, in one way or another, “resembled” his pals.

Langert had finished reading and signing each page of his voluntary confession in the Queens District Attorney’s office when two detectives returned from a search of Langert’s room.

The officers quietly reported that they’d found no loot or other corroborating evidence in Langert’s home and that members of his family had expressed surprise and puzzlement when questioned concerning Johnny Cunningham.

“Non of Langert’s relatives have seen Cunningham in two years,” the detectives said.

Confronted with this, Langert smiled.

“I didn’t want my folks to know. They might have gotten suspicious. Cunningham always hung around a pool-room near the house and waited for me to show up.”

The usual alarm had been sent out for Cunningham’s apprehension. When it failed to produce results a special squad of detectives was assigned to trace him and another squad was detailed to check the activities of every criminal whose photo had caught the attention of Akie and Langert.

It was the second squad which turned up the first clew. Checking on one of the alleged criminals, Joseph Scarola–whose picture had looked like Abe Weinstein—detectivces learned that he’d been “graduated” from Elmira Reformatory only three days before Langert’s mob launched its reign of terror and that on the day of his “graduation” he was wearing an overcoat of the same make, color and size as the overcoat left by one of the bandits in the restaurant.

“Did you make any inquiries for Scarola at his parent’s home on East 113th Street in Manhattan? I asked the squad leader.

“No, I didn’t want to tip our hand.”


If a member of the gang, Scarola, we knew it would be hiding in the home of some relative or friend, waiting to see if Langert had squealed. One warning—and he would be gone.

“Our best bet,” I suggested, “will be to wait and nab Scarola when he reports to his porobation officer there days from now.”

“Just make a quiet inquiry in the neighborhood of his home and see if he’s still living with his parents,” Captain Flattery told two detective. “If he’s not, get the best line you can on his relatives and friends without arousing his suspicions. The parole board and the officers in the local precinct should have plenty of information on him. “

Rogues Gallery

Elmira Rats

The second development that day came in a strange form.

An agitated middle-aged man grabbed a policeman’s arm on the street.

“Arrest that boy, Officer,” he pleaded, pointing to a tall blond youth walking along the street. “I’m sure he’s one of the bandits who held me up in my butcher shop over in Astoria last month.”

The butcher had been visiting a business acquaintance several miles from the scene of the holdup when he say the youth pass on the street.

Taken to a near-by police station, the young man was placed in a line-up for inspection by the butcher’s two customers, who’d lost a watch and a plain gold signet ring during the hold-up.

Neither was able to identify the boy.

Hearing of the arrest, Captain Flattery ordered that the prisoner be brought forthwith to the District Attorney’s office.

“Well, well, Luke!” said Flattery.

The Captain smiled broadly when the boy was escorted in by two detectives. ” I thought you were up in Elmira.”

Luke glared venomously at the officer.

“I got out two months ago! “ he snapped. “Why the Hell don’t you flatfeet leave us guys on parole alone?”

Captain Flattery gave an almost imperceptible signal. The boy was led out of the room by two detectives.

“That fellow’s a tough baby,” said Captain Flattery. “His name’s Bonnell. He lives out in Queens Village, 93-34 Vandeveer Street. We had him in three times before he was eighteen, larceny once and burglary twice. He was sent to the House of Refuge on the petty larceny charge but they couldn’t handle him there so he was transferred to Elmira. He’s about twenty now and apparently tougher than when he was sent away.”

A phone call to the Parole Board brought the electrifying reply:

“Luke Bonnell and Henry Langert were paroled on the same day.”

Flattery whistled.

“It could be a coincidence,” he said. “there are thousands of tall, blond boys in and out of prison. And there are a lot fitting that description who are on parole. I know this boy’s folks. I’ve always hoped he’d some day show the stuff they’re made of.”

Flattery stood up.

“Suppose we hold off the roundup of witnesses until I come back?” he proposed. “I’ve a little investigating to do myself.”

We nodded silently. Flattery went out. An hour later he was back, his face an expressionless mask. With an air of preoccupation he took off his overcoat and hat, settled himself in a chair and then answered our inquiring glances.

“Luke Bonnell left his parent’s home six weeks ago,” Flattery told us. “I brought back some snapshots his parents found in his room. They were taken on a beach before Luke was jailed. I think most of Luke’s old friends are in the pictures. They may come in handy later.”

The phone buzzer sounded. It was a call for Flattery. When he turned to us again his face was slightly ashen.

“It was the hospital,” he said tonelessly. “They want some of the officers to stand by for emergency blood transfusions. O’Brien’s near death. “

Heavily he got to his feet and went into an ante-room where a dozen detectives were lolling. Through the closed door there came the indistinct sound of his voice. Abruptly there was a deep rumble of male voices and a sudden surging shuffle of many heavy feet. Flattery’s voice rose in a sharp, angry bark. A murmuring silence ensued. Then a door opened and closed.

A moment later, Flattery rejoined us, his face flushed.

“The darn fools all started off at once,” he growled. “In another second there wouldn’t have been one of them left here.”

He was glaring but there was a slight mist in his eyes, too.

The arrival of Harold Akie was announced. Bonnell was lined up with several detectives and clerks. Akie engered the room and looked them over. For an enless minute we held our breaths. Then Akie said:

“That man looks like the bandit who stole our cash box and our revolver. Yes, I’m pretty sure he’s one of the bandits.”

Akie was pointing directly at Luke Bonnell!

A minute later Langert was brought in. Bonnell was sitting in a chair in the corner. We were prepared to see the pair pretend they didn’t know each other, but not for what actually occurred.

A look of faint surprise crossed Langert’s face as he saw Bonnell. “Hello,” he said pleasantly. He said it as though he was greeting a person he knew only slightly.

Bonnell looked up.

“H’yah?” he grunted indifferently. Then, with a snarl, “Are they trying to pin something on you, too?”

“Come on, you punks!” a detective bellowed. “That act won’t go.”

Bonnell looked up with insolent contempt.

“What act?”

“Come clean, Langert,” Captain Flattery cut in. “Wasn’t this fellow with you when you shot that cop?”

“Why, no,” he said incredulously, “I ever told you any such thing.”

“You were in Elmira together?”

“For eighteen months.”

Captain Flattery took a deep breath. “Eighteen months,” he repeated. “And you two got pretty chummy there, didn’t you?”

Langert’s puzzled expression relaxed in a smile.

“No, you don’t understand,” he said pleasantly. “No one gets chummy at Elmira. They have the silence system there!”

Langert went to explain that there were 1,200 youths int eh reformatory, divided up into small groups which were kept intact for all purposes including military drill, instruction, work and recreation.

“We were allowed to talk only at meal times, in the mess hall, and then only to those in our own group,” Langert concluded. “So you see I couldn’t get to know Bonnell. He wasn’t in my group. I know him only by sight.”

For an hour the pair withstood relentless grilling in different rooms without materially changing their stories. Both denied having seen each other since the day they were paroled. Both recognized Scarola’s photo as that of an inmate at the reformatory but denied knowing him.

Of a sudden Flattery sprang to his feet.

“I forgot something!”

Flinging open the door, he inquired if Akie were still around, and when informed that he was, directed that he be brought in.

Flattery pulled Luke Bonnell’s snapshots from his pocket and handed them to Akie.

“Look these over and see if you recognize anyone in those pictures,” Flattery said.

For ten minutes Akie studied the pictures. Finally he picked up one showing half a dozen boys in bathing suits. Langert was in the center of the group. Pointing to one of three smaller boys of similar facial appearance on the end of the line, Akie said:

“He looks most like the little bandit.”

When Akie had departed with our thanks, Captain Flattery produced a sheet of paper bearing the names or nicknames of most of the youngsters in the pictures and addresses of several of them.

District Attorney Charles P. Sullivan (top), co-author of this story, forewsay a killing unless the police acted quickly.  Detective James Sabatino (bottom): He was sure a small hold-up held great significance.   A hoodlums glance at the building above caused a police raid that uncovered a gang’s lair.


“Ah! We’ve got that boy’s name and address.” Flattery beamed. “Patrick Kelly. He lives at 2423 Second Avenue, Harlem.”

“Any information on him?”

“Not much. He’s about eighteen now, according to Bonnell’s folks. His address was in an old note-book of Lukes. He used to live out in Queens Village, near Bonnell, but he moved to Manhattan before Luke was sent to Elmira.”

Captain Flattery had more interesting information the next morning – Patrick Kelly’s record. It showed the boyd served a term in the Catholic Protectory, for juvenile delinquency.

He also had a report from the detectives tracing Scarola. It showed conclusively that Scaroloa was on the lam. And it made it look as if our plan to trap him at the parole board might fail.

Captain Flattery went to Harlem with Detective Keudell. All that day and night they drifted in and out of Kelly’s known haunts – cellar clubs, pool-halls, dancing academies. But they caught no glimpse of Kelly.

Shortly after midnight they were walking along East 114th Street, planning a raid on Kelly’s tenement home, hoping to catch him asleep, when they suddenly stopped dead in their tracks and then glided noiselessly into the shadows.

Kelly was standing half-way down the block, furtively eyeing a tenement across the street!

Slowly he began to approach where the officers were hiding, keeping his eyes fixed on the tenement.

“I’ll bet they have a hideout in that building,” Keudell whispered tensely.

Captain Flattery nodded.

As Kelly came abreast, the officers swooped. Snarlying like a wildcat, the boy bit, kicked and cursed but was helpless in the powerful grip of the detectives.

“Bad little boy!”Captain Flattery taunted. “Be nice. Papa spank.”

Captain Flattery was not being facetious. He had a plan in mind. Kelly unwittingly snatched at it.

“Damn lucky for you, you got the drop on me!” he flared back. “I was ready to go out fighting!”

Kelly glowered up at his captors as though trying to impress them with his ferocity.

“Nice little boy,” soothed Flattery.

Speechless at this affront to his moronic conception of dignity, Kelly was led in a daze to the tenement he’d been eying, each officer firmly holding one of his arms.

IN a few minutes the detectives found wht they were seeking. It was a three-room flat and it bore unmistakable evidence of having been vacated hurriedly —a half empty whisky bottle, a box of ammunition and all the personal effects of Bonnell!

A search of Kelly’s pockets yielded a Luger automatic with nine steel-jacketed shells. The little punk’s chest swelled with pride.

“You see I meant it!” he cried with resurging importance. “I don’t know how you got the drop on me but it’s lucky foryou, you were quick. I’d a let you have it! You’d a never taken me alive.”

Captain Flattery threw back his head and laughed uproariously, Kelly’s eyes filled with frustrated angry tears.
“You poor little boy,” laughed Captain Flattery. “You try so hard to show you’re not afraid.”

“Afraid!” Kelly’s eyes popped in horror as the word burst from his lips.

“Sure,” badgered Flattery. “We all know it. Bonnell told us you got so frightened in that restaurant stickup that your gun exploded in your hand.”

“Bonnell’s a liar!” Kelly shrilled in explosive rage. “And he’s a lousy rat! He held out seven hundred dollars.”

“He did?”

Flattery said even that in a taunting voice.

“You’re damn right! He said we only got for hundred dollars. The newspapers said it was twelve hundred dollars. I’d like to meet that filthy double-crosser!”

“We got him in the klink,” Flattery said as bait. “But I’m afraid you wouldn’t dare talk like that in front of him.”

“The Hell I wouldn’t!”

Kelly’s eyes gleamed at the prospect. Needled by the detectives, he railed at the forced delay as they waited for the janitress of the building to return with other officers to guard the hideout and dust every inch of it for prints.

Apparently at no time had the thought occurred to him that he might get the electric chair if Officer O’Brien died. And the two detectives did not remind him of it. They had only one purpose at this moment–that Kelly repeat his accusations in Bonnell’s presence. If he did, it would be corroborating evidence, admissible in court, and it would enmesh all three–Langert, Kelly and Bonnell–in one gang.

But would he do it?

Brought face to face with Bonnell a little later, he hesitated.

Captain Flattery taunted:

“Here’s Bonnell, my little man. You’re not afraid of him, are you?”

Officers had to restrain Kelly forcibly. His rage was white and his language was profane. When his tirade was finished we knew all we needed to know.

We knew by then that Scarola was a member of the mob. And we knew that a dope-peddler graduate of Elmira Reformatory by the name of Armand Castellano, a 20-year-old hoodlum of Manhattan’s Greenwich Village, living at No. 60 King Street, was also a member.

And we proved this was true when we found finger-prints of Castellano, Scarola and Kelly in the gang’s Harlem headquarters where Bonnell had gone to live after quitting his Queens home.

Discovery of loot clinched the case. Cunningham was exonerated completely.

Whe the trap for Scarola was sprung at the Parole Board, it caught Castellano, the driver of the getaway car, instead of the hooked-nose fugitive.

Castellano confessed his part in the stickups to Detectives Magner and Keudell who captured him. He was the last to join the gang, he said, attributing his tardiness to a delayed graduation from Elmira Reformatory.

It required tow more weeks to trace and bag the elusive Scarola and then he was caught by Detectives Keudell and Magner only at the very moment he was fleeing from his brother-in-law’s home in Lower Manhattan, a loaded Luger in his pocket.

The brother-in-law’s apartment had been searched twice previously without any trace being found of Scarola. He explained this by stating he’d been entering and leaving the apartment for two weeks via neighboring roofs over which he’d scramble under the cloak of night, aided by handy fire escapes.

Officer O’Brien recovered in time to testify at the trial of the quintent. All fiver were prosecuted simultaneously by Assistant District Attorney Willaiam H. Robinson. On the second day of the trial, Aprill 11, 1929, Langert and Kelly entered pleas of guilty. Then on the thrird day the unfathomable Langert took the witness stand in behalf of the remaining trio and tried to shift all the blame to his own shoulders. His magnanimous gesture was futile, however. Castellano, Bonnell and Scarola were found guilty as charged.

Bonnell and Kelly were sentenced to 25 to 30 years each. Langert and Scarola drew 35 years each. Langert and Scarola drew 35 years each and Castellano was awarded a straight 40-year term. Castellano’s attorney, Caesar B.F. Barra, subsequently won a cut in Castellano’s sentence, making it seven years six months to fifteen years. The lawyer’s contention that Castellano’s previous offense for narcotics had been a misdemeanor in the state and not a felony was upheld on appeal.

The good streak which Captain Flattery had looked for in Bonnell broke out finally in a spectacular fashion a few months after the youth was sentenced on April 18, 1920. During the bloody riot at auburn prison that year, which took 600 national Guardsmen, scores of policemen and hundreds of volunteers six hours to quell, Bonnell sided at last with the forces of law and order and was wounded critically by other long-term convicts.

The name Joseph Cunningham is fictitious to avoid embarrassing an innocent person.

Patrick Kelly helped to identify these guns for Captain Herbert Graham, shown at left, and Assistant District Attorney Leo J. Heffernan, right. 

Wake of the Dawn Patrol

Wake of the Dawn Patrol

True Detective February 1943

Wake of the Dawn Patrol

From Harlem to Queens the mob had plundered–now murder was added to their crimes.

By David Wray

Captain's Blog

Mob slaying 

The Wake of the Dawn Patrol

At Jamaica Avenue and Merrick Rd. a motorman saw a waiting taxi, its motor racing. Just around the corner was Mahairas’ restaurant.

Detectives James Sabatino, now Lieutenant, and Theodore Burger, helped solve mystery that surrounded slaying of the café owner.


The white-jacketed figure uttered the one piercing cry and then collapsed to the sidewalk.

At Jamaica Avenue and Merrick Rd., (below), a motorman saw a waiting taxi, its motor racing. Just around the corner was Mahairas’ restaurant.

Two hundred yards farther up the street Patrolman Cornelius McKenna wheeled as he heard the call. He turned in time to see a man fall in front of an entrance to a restaurant on Jamaica Avenue near Merrick Road in Queens, Long Island, part of suburban New York City. Across the street two pedestrians halted as they heard the cry and then hurried toward the motionless figure. Otherwise, the officer noted, the broad thoroughfare was deserted.

As he bent over the man on the sidewalk, Patrolman McKenna recognized him as Angelo Mahairas, one of the owners of the all-night restaurant. He lay on the street just two feet from the doorway of his establishment. He had a fresh cut and bruise on his chin. He was unconscious and his breathing was labored.

“Looks like he had a heart attack,” one of the pedestrians ventured.

McKenna straightened and pointed to the white jacket. A red stain was beginning to spread on the left side.

“This man was just shot over the heart,” he said. “Did either of you see or hear anything?”

“No, we only heard him call the word ‘police’ and then saw him drop. We didn’t hear any shots or see anybody run away.”

The officer stared somberly at the two men. “Neither did I,” he declared in a puzzled voice. He searched the dining room and kitchen of the restaurant. No one was inside. The back door of the building was locked. McKenna looked at his watch and entered the time in his memorandum book.  It was 5:20 A.M..

Within five minutes Detectives Theodore Burger, James Sabatino and Horace Holden arrived from Jamaica Police Headquarters, only a block away, to be followed shortly by Dr. James Rizzi of nearby Mary Immaculate Hospital.

The physician applied his stethoscope. “D.O.A.,” he announced. Mahairas had died while the call was being put through for the ambulance.

Detective Burger examined the two cash registers in the restaurant. The one near the front door contained less than a dollar in small change. The second one, located near the kitchen entrance, held $70 in bills and silver.

“Doesn’t look as if robbery was the motive,” Burger said.

Sabatino stopped his two companions in the kitchen and pointed to the wall opposite a large refrigerator. An ice pick was imbedded in the wall at about the height of a man’s head. Above it was a calendar with the date marked off. It was Sunday, March 21st. The dawn had ushered in spring—and violent death.

“Here’s where it probably took place,” Sabatino reconstructed. “There was some kind of a fight. Mahairas picked up the ice pick and threw it at the man with the gun. It might have been in self defense. He missed but the man with the gun didn’t.  The shot would be muffled by this room and an elevated train passing by outside could have drowned out the rest of the noise. That would account for no on hearing the shot.”

Lieutenant Martin J. Brown, commanding officer of the detective squad, entered the restaurant. “Sounds plausible,” he commented after hearing Sabatino’s theory.  “We’ll have to contact the dead man’s friends and relatives and find out if he had any enemies. We also have to round up all those who were in the restaurant within the last hour. Maybe one of them overheard something that might be a clue.”

“I can help you out on that,” McKenna offered. “I was here about forty five minutes ago. I was walking by on my post and dropped in for a glass of water. Three men were inside at the time. One was just finishing his coffee and left while I was here. The other two were sitting a ta table. Both were dark and stocky. I noticed them because they were wearing fedora hats but no overcoats, even though it is cold outside. Then I figured their coats could have been in a car parked in front. It was a brand-new Hudson with an 8-C series plate.”

“We should be able to trace the car,” Lieutenant Brown said. “There won’t be many brand-new Hudsons with an 8-C plate.”

“The Russian!” McKenna suddenly exclaimed.

“What Russian?” the detectives asked.

“I forgot about him for the moment, the officer said. “He’s missing. He’s the cook here. When I came in the first time I smelled crullers cooking and Mahairas told me the chef was making a batch for the breakfast trade.”

“That may be the answer,” Brown said. “Cooks have a reputation for being tempermental. There could have been an argument and then a quick trigger. If the Russian is the man we want, he won’t be hard to find.”

The words were hardly out of the Lieutenant’s mouth when a key was inserted in the rear door and a moment later a tall, gaunt, black-haired man stepped into the kitchen. He was wearing an overcoat over a white uniform.

“He’s the cook,” the patrolman said.

“Did you get them?” the chef asked in a trembling voice.

“Get who?” Lieutenant Brown replied with a query of his own.

“The tree men. One of them shot and killed Mahairas in front of my eyes.”

Under questioning by the detectives the chef identified himself as Ivan Petrovich. He said he had been in the kitchen making crullers and Mahairas had been chopping ice for the butter trays when two men entered the room with drawn guns. It was 5:15 A.M.

“They told me and the boss to empty our pockets and then put up our hands,” he related. “I had $70 in my back p ocket and threw it on the steam table. One of the men picked it up. THe other, a thin young fellow who seemed to be the leader, was standing in front of Mahairas.

“He took the ice pick from the boss’s hand and threw it into the opposite wall. “You might scratch yourself with this,” he told him. The boss thought he was joking and told him to stop fooling. But he knew it wasn’t a joke when he heard the third man, who was standing in the dining-room watching the door, ring open the first cash register. The boss got mad and pushed the gun away. The fellow shot him and they all ran out.”

“Why didn’t you notify police?”

“I was afraid and ran away out of the back,” the other replied in heavily accented English.

Lieutenant Brown studied the man.

“You’ll have to explain a few other things,” he said. “I want to know why you stopped to lock the back door and how it is that none of the witnesses saw any of your three men run away from the restaurant. They couldn’t have followed you out of the rear exit.”

“I didn’t do it,” the other insisted.

“There was $70 in the cash register but the robbers took $70 from you . Why did you have so much money with you while you were working?”

“I live in a rooming-house where somebody could steal it.”

“Scout around and see if you can find anything to back up his story,” Brown directed Sabatino and Holden. He returned to Headquarters with Burger and the witnesses.

Detectives Henry Flattery and John O’Brien were in the squad room when the Lieutenant entered.

“We were out when the report on the homicide came in,” Flattery said. “A diner on Hillside Avenue near Parsons Boulevard was held up.”

“What time?”

“About five o’clock. Six men, one of them a hack driver, walked int the luch wagon and had something to eat. Only two people were there. Austin Hurley, the counterman, and Albert Schob, who was making a milk delivery. The six of them ordered something to eat, paid for it and left. A few minutes later three of them came in again. Two of them had guns. Schob said one was a revolver and other an automatic. The third man held a knife in his hand. They emptied the cash register and beat it. Hurly and Schob said they made their get-away in a Luxor cab.”

“Cased the place first and when they saw it wasn’t so tough they pulled the job,” Brown remarked. “Looks like the beginning of a nice spring. A murder and a stickup and the day is just beginning. What next?”

Flattery’s blue eyes were serious. “Plenty,” he replied and tossed over a piece of pager. “This alarm came through a little while ago. The Cake Eater Mob pulled another stickup tonight, this time in Harlem.  They walked into a chop suey place at 3 A.M. waved their guns at more than twenty guests and left with the receipts. As usual, they escaped without a trace.”

“Any shooting?”

“Not tonight.”

“I’ glad they’re staying on the other side of the bridge,” Brown said.

“That’s the point,” Flattery replied. “They’re not. I compared the description on the alarm with the one given me by the counterman. They match to a T.”

Lieutenant Brown was silent for a while. A new criminal gang was sweeping through the city. In a little over a month they had stage more than thirty robberies, som so bold that they had succeeded simply because of their audacity. Robbers seldom invade croweded dining-rooms and other public places because the chances of capture are so much greater. Yet time after time the gang had done just that. Several times they had sprayed lead to make good their escape. The Lieutenant knew that it was only a question of time before one of the victims would resist and death would follow.

Although many traps had been set for them by an alert detective force, the mob vanished after each holdup. Part of their evil success in avoiding capture swas due to their appearance. The description of the men always agreed on one point. They were always dressed in the latest of fashions. Newspapers promptly dubbed the bandits the “Cake Eater Mob,” and reporteres conjectured on the possibility that the were wealth thrill-seeking youths. Enough victims had thumbed through Rogues’ Gallery pictures for police to know that noe of the men had a criminal record.

“I suppose things are getting too hot for them in Manhattan and Brooklyn, so they’re coming into Queens,” Brown said to Flattery. “If we can crack the chef and clean up this murder, I’ll work with you on the other case.”

Petrovich was questioned for an hour by an assistant district attorney. “His story is full of holes, yet he seems sincere,” the Prosecutor said. “If he’s lying he should have thought up a better  yarn than the one he’s been giving us.”

Detectives Sabatino and Holden canvassed the neighborhood and questioned cruising taxi-drivers and the ticket agents on both the elevated lines and the Long Island Railroad. No men answering the vague description of the trio given by Petrovich had been seen.

Sabatino watched a trolley car pull into the depot at the corner of Jamaica Avenue and 168th Street, only a block from the scene. “That’s an idea,” he said. “Let’s find out if any of the motormen saw anything suspeicious.”

From the man on duty the detectives learned that a street car had been scheduled to leave the corner just two minutes before the murder. THe company supplied the name of the motorman. “He finished his run and is through for the night,” a dispatcher informed them.

The pair hurried to the motorman’s home in Woodhaven and awakened him. “I left on time,” he told them.

“Pulled out empty. There was nobody on the street.”

“Did you see any automobile parked near the restaurant?

The motorman shook his head. “There was nothing doing at all. The only thing I did see was a taxicab parked arund the corner on Merrick Road with the motor running. There was nothing suspicious about that because I could see some men sitting in it. I figured the driber was getting instructions. It was one of those new checker cabs.”

Sabatino and Holden returned to Headquarters. “No trace of the three men, if there actually were any,” the detectives reported.

Brown’s eyes widened as he heard the story told by the motorman.  “Petrovich may be telling the truth after all,” he said. “Mahairas could have been killed by the Cake Eater Mob. The description the cook gave us doesn’t tally with the others so well, but that often happens. He did say they were well dressed. The gang that got away from the diner used the same kind of a taxi.”

“Those cabs are the latest rage,” one of the detectives pointed out. “Almost every other taxi on the street is that kind.”

At the suggestion of the district attorney, Petrovich was held as a material witness while the investigation continued. “We’re still not sure if he’s in the clear,” the Prosecutor said. “We will need his testimony as an eye-witness if the Cake Eater Mob actually committed the murder, and if our investigation uncoveres any evidence agains him, we will have him where he can’t get away.”

He then read through a report on the activity of the gan. “You’ve got a real job on your hands. First you will have to find these men before we can tell if they killed Mahairas. That’s some order!”

“My men will do it,” the Lieutenant responded quietly. His pride in his squad was matched by their achievements on record in official files. As Brown rose in the ranks to the position of inspector which he fills today, many of his men kept pace with his progress. Flattery is now captain of the detective division where he once served as a precinct sleuth, and HOlden and Sabatino are both lieutenants, the latter in command of the confidential detective squad assigned to District Attorney Charles P. Sullivan.

But as the days passed, Lieutenant Brown wondered whether his confident words would come home to plague him. The Cake Eater Mob had disappeared. His men were working day and night seeking the taxi used in the crime. The Lieutenant, however, was not overlooking any other phase of the investigation into the death of Mahairas.

With the information supplied by Patrolman McKenna, Flattery, Sabatino and Burger succeeded in tracing the new Hudson car which had been parked in the front of the restaurant the night of the murder. The owner was a race-horse trainer and had stopped off at the restaurant for a bite to eat before going to the Belmont track to supervise the exercising of several thoroughbreds He had been in the restaurant with a friend. The two men answered the description of the fedora wearers supplied by the patrolman.

But at the time of the shooting, both these men had been at the track in full for of exercise boys, other trainers and track employees.

Jerry Mahairas, co-owner of the restaurant and a cousin of the slain man, revealed that he was supposed to have worked the night Angelo was killed.

“I had a cold and wasn’t feeling well, so my cousin told me he would take my place, even though he had worked all day on his regular shift.”

He said he knew of no enemies Engelo might have had. “Nobody had any reason to kill him,” he added. “He never refused a food handout even to an out-and-out bum.”

The detectives also probed into the background of Petrovich. THe chef had fled from the Russian revolution and had worked in various parts of the country and Canada since his arrival. Jerry Mahairas as well as customers of the restaurant agreed that the slain man and the chef always had been on friendly terms. ‘police’?” the lieutenant asked Neail.

“He could,” the physician replied. “The bullet pierced the right auricle. Death was caused by the ensuing hemorrhage and a

Dr. Howard. Neail, the assistant medical examiner who performed the autopsy, reported that Mahairas had been killed by a .32 caliber bullet that had entered the heart.

“Could he have run seventy feet from the kitchen through the dining-room with a bullet in his heart and then out into the street where he shouted ‘Police’?” the lieutenant asked Neail.

“He could,” the physician replied. “The bullet pierced the right auricle. Death was caused by the ensuing hemorrhage and was not instantaneous.”

“That upholds part of the chef’s story,” the lieutenant said.

Brown sifted through reports turned in by his men. All bus drivers working in Jamaica that night had been questioned. One of them reported that he had seen a crowd in front of the restaurant during the early morning of the murder and asked what had happened.

“I was told the owner had just had a heart attack,” he said. “I pulled out on my run a little while after that. I picked up a fare while driving east on Central Avenue. He told me to be careful in going down that street. I asked him what was the matter. ‘A taxi just flew down that way,’ the passenger told me. I asked him if the cab was going that fast. ‘It was going so fast that it was ten feet off the ground,’ he answered.”

Brown considered the strange conversation between the driver and the unidentified bus passenger. The lieutenant knew that most cabs race through the streets during the early hours of the morning. The taxi had been traveling east, which would have taken it somewhere farther out on Long Island.

“The mob we want have their hideout in Manhattan, and not on the Island,” he observed. “It’s too open out there.”

“Suppose they doubled back on their tracks,” Sabatino suggested.

“You’ve got something there,” the lieutenant said. “Get a list of all the taxis in accidents that night.”

“Why accidents?” inquired the detective.

“The cab must have been going unusually fast even for that time in the morning.” Brown replied. “The bus driver said he ocassionally picked up the same passenger during the early hours of the morning, so the passenger is used to seeing speeding taxis. If it was traveling fast enough to get that kind of comment from him, the driver was inviting disaster.”

A list of all taxi cabs in the city involved in accidents the morning of the murder was completed. Neighboring Nassau County police reported that no Checker cabs had been in any mishap. Brown summoned Detectives Burger, Flattery, Sabatino, Holden and O’Brien.



“Check on every hackle on this list. One of them may be the driver for the Cake-Eater Mob.”

The detectives split into groups and canvassed the list. They first questioned the cabbies in Queens and then in Manhattan. Late that afternoon, Burger, Flattery and Sabatino went to Brooklyn to interview the last man on their list.

“He had his crackup at almost eight o’clock, three hours after the murder,” Burger said.

“Doesn’t look too promising,” the others agreed.

A man with his arm in a sling answered the doorbell. “I’m Ralph Kobak,” he admitted.

“I’m from the hack bureau,” Burger said. “I just wanted to make a routine check on the cause of your accident.”

“It was nothing,” the driver declared, inviting the detective into his apartment. “I was all through and going home for the night when this other fellow smacked into me, turned my cab over and broke my arm. Five minutes and I’d have been home. “

“Did you have a busy night?”

“One of the best in years, but I can do without another one like that.”

“What was the matter?” Burger asked.

“I picked up some crazy young fellows and drove them all over town. They spent money like water and drank booze as if it came out of a tap. They looked like college boys out on a spree.”

“Well dressed?”

“Snappy. They gave me a nice tip, too.” Burger’s eyes narrowed in thougth. Did you take them out to Jamaica?”

“Sure I did. THey must have thought I was Ben Hur. They kept making me drive faster all the time.”

A few minutes later the taxi driver was rush to Jamaica Headquarters where he was questioned by Lieutenant Brown. Kobak said that he he had picked up five men on Park Abenue and 68th Street at four-thirty in the morning.

“We’re only going out for a ride on Long Island an will come right back,” one of them told the cabbie.

“I figured it would be a good break for me,” Kobak continued. “I drove across the Queensboro Bridge and one of them kept telling me where to turn. They told me they were hungry and I stopped at a diner on Hillside Avenue. They insisted that I come in and have a sandwich with them and they paid for it.”

“What happened after you left the diner?” Brown asked.

“My starter wouldn’t work. It got jammed Three of my passengers said they’d go back to the diner for another cup of coffee while I fixed the trouble. A couple of minutes later one of the other fellows lifted up the hood and found a loose wire. RIght after that the others came out and I drove away.”

“Didn’t you hear anybody shout?”

“You couldn’t hear yourself think,” the other replied. “There was a milk truck parked outside the diner with the motor running and before the trhee went back inside one of them climbed up and pulled out the throttle to race the engine. It made a loud racket.”

The officers exchanged glances. The Cake Eater Mob thought of all angles.

“I drove to Merrick Road,” Kobak related, “when they told me to stop again. They said they wanted to find some place where they could get a bottle of whisky. The same three went away. A few minutes later they came running back and told me to get going, that they couldn’t get what they wanted. They kept yelling at me to step on it and when I didn’t drive fast enough, one of them put a gun to my head. I got scared and started speeding.”

“Weren’t you suspicious?”

“Sure I was. I drove all the way to Lynbrook when they told me to turn around. I made believe I was running out of gas and stopped at a station. I whispered to the guy there that I had a couple of holdup men in the car. He looked inside and saw them laughing and drinking and drinking and thought I was kidding him. Later I thought I had got excited for nothing. I drove right back the same way I came and none of them looked scared. When I got to Manhattan one of them asked me if I wanted to take them to Connecticut. I told them I was too tired. I dropped off some of them at 85th Street and Third Avenue and the rest at 92nd Street and Second Avenue. The bill was nine dollars and one of them game me a two dollar tip. The way they were laughing so unconcerned I thought the must habe been having fun with me when they pulled the gun, so I forgot about it.”

The detectives soon verified the taxi-driver’s story. The gas station attendant remembered the incident. “They were all dress so well, I thought the cabbie was joking,” he admitted.

“I wonder if they were pulling a phony with that Connecticut story,” Brown said.

Kobak furnished the same description as the one given by the victims in the diner. “I don’t think any of them were over twenty years old,” the cabbie said. “One of them wore a derby hat and patent leather shoes. I think I heard him called “Red.” The fellow who seemed to make most of the decisions was called “Herbie.” I got the idea that he was the leader of the bunch. I didn’t hear anything else.”

Brown contacted Lieutenant Thomas F. Dugan, head of the detective squad at the 67th Street station house in Manhattan.

“I don’t recognize any of them from the description,” Dugan said, “but that fits in with the theory that none of them has ever been arrested before. I’ll have my men go around and see what they can pick up.”

That night, detectives rounded up a series of suspects and brought them to the station house for questioning. “I never knew there were so many fellows named Herbert,” one detective remarked as he entered the squad office with another suspect. But all were released when none of them answered the description of the gang leader.

Other detectives posing as door-to-door salesmen, gas and electric meter inspectors, swarmed through the neighborhood and engaged housewifes in conversation. Any item of gossip that appeared suspicious was immediately checked.

Finally Dugan telephoned Brown. “If any of them live around here, they’ve certainly covered their tracks.

“How about the Connecticut angle?” Brown asked.

“I’m working on that now,” Dugan replied. “My men are out trying to get a list of people in the neighborhood who have suddenly left the city since the murder.”

A superintendent of an apartment house on 94th Street listened to the description of the wanted men and shook his head. “Nobody that fancy lives here,” he remarked. “The only tenants I know who are aout of town are two sisters up on the fifth floor. I haven’t seen them around since last week-end, but they go away every once in a while.”

“Give that lead a whirl,” Dugan directed when his men reported to him. “Everything else has petered out.”

Two hours later Dugan spoke to Brown. “We might be on the track of something,” he said. “One of the sisters has a boyfriend named Herbert, but no one knows where he lives. My men found out that the sisters are close friends of Mrs. Green. Neighbors said Mrs. Green and her husband, Jimmy, left for a trip Sunday. I’m posting a watch at both places. “

At eight-fifteen the following morning a taxi pulled up in front of Green’s home on 82nd Street and three men and a woman got out and entered the apartment. The watching detectives flashed a report to Headquarters.

A few minutes later Lieutenant Dugan received another report that the sisters had returned home.

A half-hour later he entered the aprtment followed by Detectives Emil Mack, Martin Solomon and Edward Pollak Green and his wife and the other three men were seated around a table playing cards.

Dugan flashed his badge.

“What do you want with me?” Green asked. “I haven’t done anything.”

We heard you left town in a hurry,” the lieutenant replied.

“Not at all. We planned to go away for a weeks vacation a long time ago.”

“But your week isn’t up,” Dugan pointed out.

“It was too cold, so we came back.”

At the station house the other men identified themselves as Herbert Korber and Richard Daunt. THey denied killing Mahairas or sticking up the restaurant.

Lieutenants Dugan and Brown took turns at quetioning the trio. The taxi-driver was brought to the stationhouse. “They’re the fellows I drove to Jamaica,” he said.

“Sure, he did,” Korber replied. “We were at a party and wanted to get some air so we drove out to the Island, but that doesn’t make us killers.”

“But it makes you robbers,” Bron replied. “You held up a diner on Hillside Avenue.”

Petrovich was brought into the room where the other prsoners were.

“There’s the man who fired the shot,” he accused, pointing at Korber.

“You’re crazy,” the other retorted, “I never saw you before.”

Brown and Dugan held a consultation in another office. “We’ll need some proof to pin this job on them,” Brown said. “Our evidence isn’t strong enough to stand up in court.”

“The girl friend may be the weak link. Let’s try that angle.”

The two lieutenants again faced the prisoners. “We’re booking the whole lot of you,” announced Dugan. “I’m sending out my men to bring in your girlfriend.”

“Keep her out of this,” Korber protested.

“You brought her in,” answered Dugan.

“You left town with her after you killed Mahairas and that makes her an accessory after the fact.”

Korber leaped out of his chair. “She had nothing to do with it,” he shouted. “She didn’t know anybody was killed!”

The prisoner sat down abruptly. “You win,” he said. “I’ll talk.”

Korber admitted being the trigger-man. “I was drunk and didn’t know anybody was killed!”

The prisoner sat down abruptly. “You win,” he said. “I’ll talk.”

Korber admitted being the trigger-man. “I was drunk and didn’t know what I was doing,” he pleaded. He sad that on the night of the murder he had gone to a show “Mondkey Talks, on Broadway with his sweetheart and several other members of the gang. After the show the group went to a cabaret and about 2 A.M. took the girls home.

Korber, Daunt and Green then went on to a masquerade ball where they spent a half-hour. At the ball they met Gustav Fischer and Frederick Kellerman. From there they went to the chop suey place, where they staged their first holdup of the evening.

While police were searching for them they were calmly enjoying the entertainment in a Harlem cabaret. When they felt the coast was clear they left the night club by taxi. They dismmissed the driver at Park Avenue and 68th Street and hired Kobak.

“What did you do with all the money you stole?” they were asked.

“Spent it for clothes, liquor and cabarets,” Korber replied. “I always had to hold Daunt’s money for him because when he got drunk he would throw it away. “

THe hardened officers stroked thier chins in thoughtful silence when Korber and Green stated they were eighteen years old and that Daunt was only seventeen.

“I always had to get half-lit for courage,” Daunt admitted.

Detectives Sabatino and Burger quickly brought in Kellerman and Fischer. Neither had gone to Connecticut with the others.

“We didn’t know anything about the holdups,” these two insisted. “We met Korber, Daunt and Green at the masquerade and they invited us to go riding with them.”

Korber said that they usually hid the guns used by the gang in the basement of the apartment house where his girl friend lived. The death weapon was found hidden under some charred paper in a fireplace in Green’s apartment.

The woman owner of a boarding house in Danbury revealed that Korber, Daunt and Green had spent three days after the murder at her house.

“I had to put them out,” she said. “All they did was play cards and drink all night long. I got nervous when one of them bought a gun and they spent all afternoon trying to improve their marksmanship.”

Four days after their arrest, all five were indicted for first degree murder and three weeks after the murder, Korber was placed on trial.

Assistant District Attorney Charles W. Froessel, now a State Supreme Court Judge, was assigned to prosecute. Foressel had questioned the prisoners after their arrest.

During a bitter, five-day trial, Korber denied that he had confessed to the crime. He admitted being in the restaurant but said that he asked Mahairas if he could buy a drink.

“He told me to come to the back,” the prisoner testified. “All of a sudden he made a grab for me. I ran out of the store. He jumped on top of me and I suppose during the struggle my gun went off. I didn’t hear it and I didn’t know he was shot until the police arrested me.”

Froessel quickly ripped Korber’s story to shreds. “Where did you carry your gun?” he asked.

“In my hip pocket,” the prisoner replied.

The Prosecutor then showed that it would have been impossible for the gun to go off in Korber’s rear pocket and the shot strike Mahairas in the chest.

“The gun went off all right,” he commented, “but Korber was holding it in his hand and he pulled the trigger.”

As the last desperate hope, the defense traced the childhood of Korber. His mother, a janitress, had died when he was fourteen years old, leaving him an orphan.  “Poor little Herbert. He never had a chance,” his attorney pleaded.

The jury’s reply was prompt. On April 10th, 1926, Korber was found guilty of first-degree murder and sentenced to die in the electric chair.

THree days later, Daunt, Green, Fischer and Kellerman pleaded guilty to second-degree murder and were sentenced from twenty years to life imprsonment by County Judge Frank Adel.

A new trial was granted to Korber on a technical ground. Because the other four defendants had escaped the electric chair, the second jury convicted him of second-degree murder on February 7th, 1927, and Judge Adel also sentenced him to a term of twenty years to life imprisonment at Sing Sing.

Note: The name of Ivan Petrovich as used in the story is fictitious to protect the identity of an innocent man.